Highland Clans “B” BAILLIE – BURNS

July 11, 2009

BAILLIE

The name referres to the post of baillie (magistrate).
This name was adopted by several unconnected families.

BAIRD

The Bairds came from Lanarkshire. They also settled in Lothian and Aberdeenshire.

CLAN BALFOUR

Balfour is a territorial name
The first recorded use of the name came in 1304 when John de Balfour was included on an assize list. . British statesman James Balfour – Earl Balfour of Whittinghame. 1848-1939 was the most notable of the family thus far.

BARCLAY

Beautiful Field Roger de Berchelai from Norman stock was granted lands of Towie. The main branches of the family were formed by Roger, Urioe, and Mather

BAXTER

Derived from the word bakester, a word used for a female baker. The Baxters are reguarded as dependants of the MacMillan clan. It is a commonly found name in Fife, Angus, and Forefar.
1312 William Baxtare was listed as a crossbowman at Edinburgh Castle
1398 Robert Baxter was a councillor at Aberdeen

BOWIE

A boe is a bullock. Knowing this the family were probably cattle farmers.

BRODIE (de Brothies)

A charter from Robert the Bruce in 1311 confirmed the barony of the Brodie family from Morayshire. The most notorious member of the family was Deacon William Brodie, who led a double life as daring burgular and on the other hand a respectable town councilor. He was hanged in 1788 on a gallows which he himself designed.

Early records of the clan were destroyed by Lord Gordon when he burned Brodie Castle, in Nairnshire, in 1645. Nonetheless there are other mentions of the Brodies as holding influential positions from the 14th century or earlier. The Brodies name and lands became established when Malcolm 1V sent other rebelling Moray tribes to different districts around about 1165.

SEPTS:
Brody, Bryde, Brydie.

Family of Robert the Bruce

Bruce, known in early years as de Bruce, was the surname of an old Scottish family of Norman descent founded by Robert de Bruce I (died approx 1094). De Bruce was a Norman knight from Bruis, a castle near Cherbourg, France. In 1066 he went to England with William the Conquerer.

Robert De Bruce II (1078-1141)
son of Robert de Bruce I, was a companion in arms of Prince David of Scotland, later King David I, from whom Robert received a grant of the lordship of Annandale. The English estates of Robert de Bruce II were inherited by his eldest son, whose line ended in Peter Bruce who died in 1271 He was was the constable of Scarborough.
Annandale was passed down to Robert de Bruce III. the second son, of Robert de Bruce 11
Robert de Bruce 111 died in 1189 He is considered the founder of the Scottish branch of the family. He had two sons Robert de Bruce IV and William de Bruce, who son was Robert de Bruce V.
Robert de Bruce IV who died in in 1191, married in 1183 the daughter of William the Lion, King of Scotland.
Robert De Bruce V dec. in 1245 married a niece of William the Lion. This marriage was the foundation for the claim of the house of Bruce to the Scottish throne.
Robert de Bruce VI (1210-95) was called the Competitor. He vied unsuccessfully for the throne with John de Baliol.
Robert de Bruce VII Earl of Carrick 1253-1304, son of Robertt de Bruce VI, the competitor who paid homage to king Edward I of England.
In 1306 his son
Robert de Bruce VIII, known as Robert Bruce,
became king of Scotland, Robert I. He reigned

BRUCE (de Brus)
Robert de Brus and his two sons, were not far behind the Norman families who accompanied William the Conqueror. Another direct Norse branch of the family, Brusi, had already acquired a share of the Orkney.

Robert’s second son Adam acquired large territories in Yorkshire.
His son Robert, was a friend of the Scottish King David 1. He accompanied him at his accession to the throne in 1124 when he returned from his stay in England. This Robert de Brus was granted the Lordship of Annandale along with the hand of that district’s heiress.
Robert de Brus was the seventh of the Brus lords of Annandale 1274 – 1329.
He was often called ‘The Bruce.’ He became Robert 1, the victor of Bannockburn and the liberator of Scotland. He received Turnberry Castle from his mother, the heiress of Carrick.
The castle became the nucleus of the Bruces. In 1350 another branch of the family spread from Clackmannan into Fife and elsewhere from Kinnakird on the Forth shore opposite, came James Bruce 1730-1794, who displayed great diplomatic gifts. He explored the Nile sources.

from 1306 to 1329.
As Earl of Carrick he paid homage to King Edward I of England who in 1296 defeated John de Baliol. He later abandoned Edward’s cause to join Scottish leaders for independence. In 1299 the year after William Wallace was defeated by Edward, Bruce was made one of the four regents who ruled the kingdom of Baliol, and was later consulted in making Scotland a province of England. In 1306 he met an old enemy, Scottish patriot Cromyn, and stabbed him in a quarrel, and on March 27, he was crowned King at Scone.
In 1307 Bruce was deposed by Edward’s army, and he had to flee to the highlands and then to the isle of Rathlin on the coast of Antrim (now northern Ireland)while his estates were confiscated. He recruited followers and in less then two years had taken back nearly all of Scotland from the British. He defeated the English again in 1327 at the battle of Bannockburn and twice invaded England. In 1314 he made a truce with Edward II of England for the independence of Scotland and right to the throne.
In later years he was stricken with leprosy and lived in seclusion at Cardross Castle, where he died. He was suceeded by his son David II.
Bruce’s nephew, Robert II, who secceeded David, was the first king of the Stuart house of English and Scottish royalty.

Septs; Carlyle, Carruthers. Crosbie, Randolph, Stanhouse

BUCAN

Derived from lands in Aberdeenshire. Close links are found with the Cumming clan.

BUCHANAN

It is said that the clan’s original name MacAuslan came from the Irish prince Anselan O Kyan who was granted a settlement in Lennox by Malcolm 11. The first recorded Auslan was Stewart to a 13th century Earl of Lennox from whom he obtained the Loch-Lomondside district of Buchanan which includes Ben Lomand. His son, Gilbert was the first one to use the surname Buchanan. He was also the founder of the branches that took his own name. Other septs names were taken from Gilbert’s brothers Coleman and Methlan, his granson Maurice and great-grandson Walter and the separate clan MacMillan.
George Buchanan, a fore-runner of Burns and Byron was tutor of Mary Queen of Scots, James V1, and Montaigne. He was a Reformationist and an historian and ranks as the clan’s best known personality. Having said that it is possible a U.S. President cound be amoung others cited.

SEPTS:
Coleman, Cormack, Cousland, Dewar, Dove Dow, Gibb, Gibbon, Gibson, Gilbert, Gilbertson, Harper, Harperson, Levy, Lennie, Lenny, MacCaldonich, MacAlman, Macalman, Macaslan, MacCauselan, MacCausland, Maccauslane, Maccalman, Maccalmont, Maccammond, Maccasland, Macchruiter, Maccolman, Maccormack, maccubbin, Maccubing, maccubin, MacGeorge, MacGibbon, Macgreusich, Macgubbin, Macinally, Macindeorm, Mackinley, macmaster, Macmaurice, Macmurchie, Macmurchy, macneur, Macnuir, Macnuyer, macquattie, Macwattie, Macwhirter, Masters, Masterson, Morrice, Morris, Morrison, Murchie, Murchison, Richardson, Risk, Rusk, Ruskin, Spittal, Spittel, Walter, Walters, Wason, Watson, Watt, Watters, Weir, Yuill, Yool, Yule, Zuill

BURNETT

Derived from ‘Beornheard’ (Brave Warrior).
The family settled in Roxburghshire.

BOWES-LYON

Family tradition asserts that the Lyons had royal roots.
It is said thery were linked to: Mallcolm 11 and Macbeth,.
The family is thought to have come from Normandy and England.
The name is first recorded in the 14th century in Scotland.
Bowes was incorporated into the family name in 1767 when the 9th Earl married aMary Eleanor Bowes, a wealthy Enflish heiress.
1923, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the youngest daughter of the 14th Earl, married the second son of George V following the abdication of his brother, edward V111. George ascended the throne in 1936 as George V1.

BRUCE

Bruce is a territorial name. It comes from the Norman castle of Brus or Brix situated
near Chebourg.
The castle was built in the 11 century by Adam de Bruc.
They began their short lived ascent to the throne in the 13th century.

The 4th Lord of Annandale married Isabella of Huntingdon, niece of William The Lyon
John Balliol, Grandson of Robert the Bruce secured the throne
Courage and brute determination were the qualities which won the crown for Robert the Bruce in1316.
Robert the Bruce’s victory at Bannockburn in 1314
The House of Bruce ended with the death of David 11 in 1371.
Branches of the family:
Sir Edward Bruce of Easter Kennet family line gave us:
Bruces of Kinloss- He was given the title of Lord Kinloss
His descendants became the Earls of Elgin 1633 and Kincardine 1647
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin 1766-1841, was known because he brought the Elgin Marbles from Athens in 1801 to London.
OTHER BRANCHES: Bruces of Airth, Clackmannan, Balcaskie, and Stenhouse

CLAN BUCHANAN

Basken, Baskin, Bede, Bonnieville, Boyne, Buck, Buckie, Bucky, Cawsell, Chapp, Chrystal, Clapperton, Coscrach, Costie, Casty, Cranach, Crannach, Crystall, Crystal, Crodon, Cruden, Cruddon, Colman, Donleavy, Donlevy, Dove, Dow, Dowe, Fasken, Faskin, Fitchiiie, Fitchy, Gammerie, Gammery, Gibb, Gibson, Gibertson, Hardin, Hardman, Hardnan, Harper, Harperson, Kermack, Leisk, Lennie, Lenny, Macaldonich, Macandeoir, MacAslan, MacAuslean, MacAuslan, MacAusland, MacAuslane, MacCalman, MacCalmont, MacCammond, MacCrystal, MacDonleavy, MacGibbon, Macgreusich, Macinally, Macindeor, Macindooe, Mackinlay, Mackinley, MacMaster, MacMaurice, MacMaurice, MacMurchie, MacMurchy, Macnuyer, MacWattie, MacWhirter, Matheson, Meason, Merson, Mondie, Mondy, Mundie, Mundy, Murchie, Murchieson, Nible, Niblo, Ogston, Ogstone, Ogstoun, Prince, Rattliff, Ratcliff, Rattcliff, Risk, Runcie, Runcy, Ruskin, Shakle, Spittal, Spittel, Taves, Tarvis, Teunion, Teunon, Tewnion, Tinnon, Tucks, Wadsworth, Wadswother, Watson, Watt, West, Whammond, Willgok, Whygook, Whyman, Whymon, Yull, Yuille, Yule

BURNS

A territorial name that probably comes from the Old English word burna (a brook)
Burns are usually associated with the Campbell Clan The most famous by far is Robert Burnes, the famous Scottish poet born Burness 1759 – 1796.

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