Highland Clans “C” CAMERON – CUMMINGS (CUMYNS)

July 11, 2009

CAMERON

Motto: ‘FOR KING AND COUNTRY’
This name is from the gaelic “crooked nose” Originally this clan was formed by three families; MacGillonies of Strone, MacMartins of Letterfinllay and the MacDorleys of Glen Nevis. However it divided into two main branches, the Camerons of Lochiel and the Camerons of Erracht.
The most famous, Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel, was the last of the Highland chiefs to hold out against Cromwell during the Civil War of 1642-1649

From the time of Bruce the clan is known to have settled in Lochaber. It later became an important branch of clan Chattan and its name taken as Cam-shron. It is reported that the name hook-nose fitted many Highland Camerons.
The name is also thought to be from the Norman name Cambron that spread widely from their headquarters in Fife a long time before Bruse. The chief acquired their Lochiel property through marriage and made that name and their motto widely known in the Stewart causes.
In 1793 under Cameron of Erracht the clan founded the 79th Cameron highlanders.
The 17th century southern Camerons were noted for the scholary John Cameron who founded the protestant group in France called the “Cameronites
Richard Cameron killed in 1680 at Airdsmoss was a militant Covenanter. he gave name to the Cameronian sect and a later Lowland regiment.

Septs of clan Cameron;
Chalmers, Chambers, Clark, Clarke, Clarkson, Cleary, Clerk, Dowie, Gibbon, Gilbertson, Kennedy, Leary, Lonie, MacCaldowie, Macalonie, Macchlery, Macclair,MacChlerich, MacDhlery, MacFall, Macgillery, MacGillonie, Macildlowie, MacKail, Madlerie, Maclear, Macleary, MacMartin, MacOnie, Macopstrich, MacOurtic, MacPhail, MacSorley, MacUlrig, Macvail, MacWalrick, Martin, Paul, Sorley, Sorlie, Taylor

CLAN CAMPBELL

The name sometimes taken as Cam-beul comes from the Gaelic expression for ‘crooked mouth’ or “rye-mouth’
This clan claimes ancestry from both Celtic and Norman descent.
There are several accounts of this clan. One account: Malcolm of the clan anciently named O Duibhne or MacDiarmid, went to Norman France where he married the heiress of the Beauchamp family and took that name. One of his sons, Archibald, accompanied the Conqueror in 1066. He became the founder to several English lines. Changes in the name account for Beauchamp to Beecham, Campobello. Kemble.
David 1’s High Constable and assistant feudaliser, hugo de Morville, married Beatrix de Campobello and introduced the Campbells as vassals on his Ayrshire lands. They rose to Dukedom of Argyll and possessed land at Lochow (Loch Awe) after Alexander 11’s quest of Argyll.
The Campbells had an attitude of backing the winner. The Campbells with their later royal commission to surpress the MacDonalds threw them out of Kintyre. This followed their policing of the MaacGregors of Perthshire. Highland memories run deep.

In honor of the ancestor of the clan, Sir Colin Campbell, the chief of the Campbell clan is always
called ‘MacCailean Mor’ The name Colin is the anglicized form of ‘Cailean’, which means ‘
‘cub’ or ‘young one’
The Campbells are most famous for their part in the “Glencoe Massacre” in 1692

Among many Campbell branches, that of Breadalbane shows their other ability for successful marriage. This is seen in the 14th century marriage with the Glenorchy heiress.

1777-1844 Thomas Campbell wrote many rousing ballads such as ‘Lochiel’s Warning’. ‘Lord Ullin’s Daughter’ and the ‘Battle of the Baltic’

Clan Campbell of Cawdor;
The family and name come from Hugh de Cadell and his airs. They gave valuable service to King Malcolm Canmore and his successors and were awarded the Nairshire thaneship which is mentioned in Macbeth. In 1493 this went to an infant airess, Muriel.
James 1V appointed her uncle as wards a Rose of Kilravock also the Earl of Argyll. The Earl of Argyll sent an expedition to abduct Muriel to Inverary where in 1510 she married the earl’s third son, Sir John Campbell thus giving that clan a northern foothold.
SEPTS: Caddell,Cadell, Calder, Cattell, Torrie, Torry

Clan Campbell of Breadalbane; MacDiarmid, MacDermid,

Clan Campbell of Loudoun; Hastings, Loudoun

The MacIver name was outlawed in 1688 when Iver of Asknish took part in a rebellion.
The name of an old Norse name from ‘yew’ and ‘warrior.
Ivor the Boneless raided the tomb of Maes Howe in the Orkneys, and carried away a large treasure hidden there.

Neighbours recited this verse:
From the greed of the Campbells
From the ire of the Drummonds
From the pride of the Grahams, and
From the wind of the Murrays,
Good Lord, deliver me.

CARMICHAEL

Carmychell – pronounced car-my-kel Upper Lanarkshire has been their home since the 13th century when Sir John de Carmychell acquired the land owned by the Douglasses, from the Earl of Douglas in 1374

CARNEGIE

John de Ballinhard who acquired the estates in 1368 is acknowledged as the founder of the Carnegies of Southesk. The name Carnegie is taken from the lands of Carnegie in Angus.

CHATTAN

Chattan does not represent one family. It includes various other clans who came together for protection.
They include the Davidsons, Shaws, Farguharsons, MacPhails, MacPhersons, & the Macintoshes.

This powerful group of clans comprise two main divisions respectively under the MacIntosh and MacPherson leadership. Dissention arose among the families for various causes as well as their disagreement with their neighbours the Gordons who broke them into opposing camps.

The origins of the clan are not clear. However, most believe that they were descended from
a 13th century chief, Gille Chattan Mor. Some believe the Macintoshes held to their own Macduff origins regarding it as a confederacy with the MacPhersons just a branch from Macintosh stock. The MacPhersons, put their belief in a written genealogy dated in 1450. In that it favors the Chattan section as having branched from the anceston Gillechatten Mor a Moray Chief of the 11th century. His son Nechtan was the founder of the MacPhersons, and the younger Neil the MacIntoshes which surname only appears two centuries later. The Clunie MacPhersons retained the old Chattan chiefship although in 1291 the Macintoshes, through marriage of their chief Angus to Eva the MacPherson heiress, achieved the greater share of land and followers, also their chiefs’ right to be styled ‘Captain of the Clan Chattan’ leaving their claim to full chiefship a on going dispute.

MACPHERSON

MACPHERSON, DAVIDSON, GILLESPIE, KEITH, SMITH

MACINTOSH

MACINTOSH, FARQUHARSON, MACBEAN, MACGILLIVRAY, MACGLASHAN, MACCHARDIE, MACQUEEN, NOBLE, MACTAVISH, SHAW

Also: CAMERON, CATTANACH, CLARK, MACPHAIL

CHISHOLM

Originally a Border clan. The Chisholms became Costables of Urquhart Castle, located near Loch Ness
Origionally Normans, the Chisholm or Chisholme family took the name from the lands of Cheseholm where they occupied in Roxburghshire from the 13th century or earlier.

Through marriage with northern heiresses they established themselves as a Highland clan. In !359 Sir Robert de Cheseholme became Constable of the royal castle of Urquhart. The ancestral seat of their chief is Erchless Castle, Strathglass.

CHRISTIE

It is thought to be a diminutive of the name ‘Christopher’.
Found most commonly in Fife and Stirlingshire.

CLARK

An occupational name, clerk or a cleric popular in most parts of Scotland

COCHRANE

The name comes from Renfrewshire area. It is said to be decended from a Viking chieftain.

COCKBURN

Pronounced – Ko-burn Admiral Cockburn was given the task of taking Napolian Bonaparte to his place of exile
on St. Helena in 1815.

CLAN COLQUHOUN

Pronounced – Kul-Hoon A territorial name taken from an estate near Loch Lomond. The lands were granted by a 13th century Earl of Lennox to Umphredus de Kilpatrick (Humphrey de Kilpatrick or Kirkpatrick)
founder of the clan. Ssir Robert Colquhoun married the heiress of the neighbouring lands of Luss thereby including them in the estate In 1603 the last inter-clan battal took place at Glenfruin. This was the culmination of a long feud between the Calquhouns and MacFGregors, and led to the outlawry of the latter by royal command.
SEPTS
Cowan, Cowen, Culchone, Ingram, Kilpatrick, King, Kirkpatrick, Laing, MacAchounich, MacLintock, Maccowan, MacManus, MacMains, MacOwan, Maccowan, MacClintock

CRAWFORD

The Crawford Clan took its name from their family estates in Lanarkshire.
It is believed that the family was of Norman origin.

CUNNINGHAM

The name appears to be from a combination of cuinneag (milk pail and village) and ham
from the district of Cunningham of Aryshire

CUMMINGS (CUMYNS)

This family trace their roots from Norman descent from Charlemagne through Robert de Comyn. He was appointed govenor of Northumberland in 1068 by his kinsman William the Conqueror. Under David 1
An extremely powerful family in the early Middle Ages, they held three earldoms.
The opposed Robert the Bruce and lost influence.
SEPTS
Buchan, Cheyne, Chiene,Comine, Common, Commons, Cummin, Cummings, Comyn, Farquharson, Macniven, Niven, Russell

Comments

3 Responses to “Highland Clans “C” CAMERON – CUMMINGS (CUMYNS)”

  1. Janet on November 25th, 2009 4:09 pm

    Hello Bill,

    Thank you for your comment. I will re-check my source.

    Janet

  2. Janet on January 4th, 2010 12:48 pm

    Hello Bill
    Thank you for the information. A correction has been made.
    All the best to you and yours in 2010
    Janet

  3. Shenna on December 22nd, 2012 7:54 am

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