Famous Scots


A

ADAM, ROBERT
Born in Kirkcaldy, July 03, 1728 dec. 1792, Robert was one of Scotland’s greatest architects. Robert began his career as apprentice to his father, William Adam a master architect.

Robert was known for his interest in detail to the interiors of buildings. This can be seen in a number of stately homes in England, works such as Edinburgh University’s Old College, and parts of the city’s Charlotte Square. He designed Culzean Castle, Ayrshire, in a romantic, neo-Gothic style.

AITKIN, WILLIAM MAXWELL
Lord Beaverbrook, Born in the Maritimes of Scottish parents William Maxwell Aitkin moved to Montreal in 1907. He was largely responsible for the formation of the Canada Cement Company 606 Cathcart Street. Within a very short time he became a millionaire.

ALLEN, HUGH
A founder of the St. Andrew’s Society of Montreal President of the Merchants’ Bank Founder of the Allen Shipping Lines

ANDERSON, JOHN
Born July 08, 1882 Designed the air raid shelter

ARMOUR, TOMMY
Born in Edinburgh 1895-1968 Armour lost his sight after being injured during the First World War. When he regained sight in his right eye, he decided to make a career out of golf, a sport his enjoyed as a youth. In 1920 he won the French Amateur Championship. In 1920 he became a professional golfer and soon earned a reputation as a good teacher, In 1927 he won his first major victory, the US Open. That same year he won the Canadian Open and four other tournaments . In 1929 he won the Western Open. He reached the PGA tournament finals twice but in 1931 he won the British Open which completed his sweep of the three most important tournaments open to professional golfers. He retired in 1935 but continued teaching. In 1952, along with Herb Graffis, he wrote How To Play Your Best Golf All The Time which became the best-selling golf instruction book in history.

B

BAIRD, JOHN LOGIE
Born August 31, 1888 died June 14, 1946, Scottish inventor Baird is remembered as the inventor of television.

BALFOUR, ANDREW
Born Jan 18, 1630 Planned Royal College of Physicians.

BARR, ARCHIBALD
Invented the optical range finder.

BARRIE, JAMES
Born May 09, 1860 Novelist & Playwright “Peter Pan”.

BELL, ALEXANDER GRAHAM
Born March 03, 1847 Invented the telephone.

BELL, DR. JOHN
Writer, merchant, and explorer. He traveled with Peter the Great 1722. He retired a wealthy man in Scotland.

BLACK DR. JOSEPH
Born April 16, 1728 Discovered carbon dioxide & calorimetry.

BLAIR, TONI
Born May 06, 1953 Prime Minister of Britain.

BLAKIE, WALTER BIGGAR

Born Nov. 23, 1847

BOSWELL, JAMES
Born Oct. 29, 1740 – Essayist & writer.

BOWES-LYON, ELIZABETH

Mother of Queen Elizabeth 11, Centenarian.

BRATTAIN, WALTER H.
He was a senior member of the group of three Americans who invented the transistor..

BREWSTER, DAVID
Born Dec. 11, 1781 Invented the Kaleidoscope

BROWN, GEORGE
Born Nov. 29, 1818, Politician Founded Toronto Globe Newspaper

BROWN, ROBERT
Born December 21, 1773 the eminent Scottish botanist, Robert Brown, died on June 10,1858. He is famous for his death, as it led to a free date at the Linnean Society which was filled by Charles Darwin’s lecture on the theory of evolution.

BROWN, WILLIAM and THOMAS GILMORE
Published Quebec’s 1st newspaper, the Quebec Gazette in 1764 John Buchanan founded the 1st newspaper in Montreal

BRUCE, ROBERT
June 7, 1329 Robert the Bruce died at Cardross Castle in Dunbartonshire. The cause of his death remains unclear, but he might have died of leprosy. Bruce had always wanted to take part in the Crusades, and in death he got his wish. Bruce’s right hand man, the Black Douglas,took his embalmed heart to Spain to fight the Moors. After Douglas’s death, the cask containing the heart was returned to Melrose Abbey.

BUCHAN, JOHN
Died February 11, 1940 Novelist John Buchan, born to a Presbyterian minister, rose to become; Editor of the spectator, a director of Reuters, war correspondent of the Times, High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the church of Scotland, First Baron of Tweedsmuir and the 35th Governor General of Canada.

Buchanan, George (1506-1582)
A tutor of King James V, Mary Queen of Scots and the young King James VI, Buchanan incurred the enmity of Cardinal Beaton by his Latin satires on the friars and was imprisoned for a time. He later fell under the displeasure of the Inquisition in Portugal and was for a time confined in a monastery there. He spent his time in prison working on a translation of the Psalms of David into Latin. He subsequently became identified with Protestantism and was appointed moderator of the general assembly (the elected leader of the Church of Scotland) in 1567. He became conspicuously hostile to the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots and went so far as to provide evidence against her at her trial in England which ultimately led to her execution. For more on George Buchanan, see:

BUCHANNAN, JOHN
Founded the 1st newspaper in Montreal

BUCHAN, JOHN
Born August 25, 1875 Writer – adventure novels – wrote “39 Steps” Governor General of Canada

BURNET, SIR ALISTAIR
Born July 12, 1928, Broadcaster

BURNET, GILBERT
Born Sept. 08, 1643 Bishop & Writer

BURNS, ROBERT
Born Jan. 25, 1759 in Aryshire, Scotland Famous Poet – Infamous excise man Bonnie Jean Honored at Last Jean Armour, Robert Burns’ long-suffering wife, inspired many of his love poems and songs. She bore many of his children and struggled to raise them after Burns’s death at the early age of 37. Even though Jean was an inspiration to Burns and the object of some of his best works she has never been recognized or honored by a monument in her name until now.The Burns Howff Club in Dumfries is commissioning a statue to “Bonnie Jean.”They hope to erect it on a site between the house where the poet died and where Robert and Jean Burns are buried. The life sized statue will show Jean with a child by her side. It is hoped the statue will be ready to unveil for the 207th anniversary of Robert’s death on July 21, 2004. Robert Burnes and Jean Armour had nine children. When Jean took in one of Burns’ love children to raise she said “Oor Rabbie should have had twa wives”.

BYRON, ADA
Daughter of half Scottish poet, Lord Byron, She wrote a list of instructions for a hypothetical computer theriorized by Charles Baddage thus becoming the world’s first computer programmer. Others called her the first computer scientist.

BYRON, LORD ROBERT
Born 22 Jan. 1788 Poet

THE BLACK WATCH ROYAL HIGHLAND REGIMENT OF CANADA
The Black Watch is Canada’s senior highland regiment, with service in the Boar War, WW1 & WW11. The Armory was built in 1905 at 2067 President Kennedy Street Pierre Burton writing of Scots in early Quebec said: “The Irish outnumbered them as did the English, but the Scots ran the country. Through they formed only one-fifteenth of the population, they controlled the fur trade, the great banking houses, the major functional institutions and to a considerable degree, the government”

C

CARLYLE, ROBERT
Born April 14, 1961 – Actor “Full Monty”

CARNEGIE, ANDREW
Born Nov. 25, 1835 Philanthropist, Funded Libraries, Built Carnegie Hall. Said “A man who dies rich dies in disgrace.”

CATHCART, GEORGE
Born in Edinburgh, Dr. George Cathcart died January 4th, He instigated the annual series of concerts now known as the Proms. He appointed his friend Sir Henry Wood as conductor, and was responsible for funding the concerts in the years following their conception.

CHALMERS, THOMAS
Born March 17, 1780 Formed the Free Church of Scotland

CLARK, EILEEN
First female president of St. Andrew’s Society, Montreal

CLARK, WILLIAM
Virginian or Scottish ancestry Commander of the famous Lewis & Clark expedition of 1804 -1806. They were the first to cross the North American continent in what is now the United States

COLTRANE, ROBBIE
Born March 30, 1950 Actor Star of “Cracker”

CONAN-DOYLE, ARTHUR
Early detective-fiction writer

CONNOLLY, BILLY
Born Move. 24, 1942 Performer, Singer, Comedian Well known actor from Patrick, Glasgow Played role of “John Brown” in “Mrs. Brown”

CONNERY, SEAN
Born August 25, 1930 Edinburgh, Actor, Scottish Nationalist & Spanish resident Best known as Bond, James Bond

COOK, CAPTAIN JAMES
1728-1779 Explorer born of Scottish parents

CORBETT, RONNIE
Comedienne – actor.” Two Ronnie’s” fame.

CONTI, TOM
Born Nov. 22, 1941 – Actor

COUTHARD, DAVID
Born March 27, 1971 – Formula 1 driver

CRONIN, A. J.
Born July 19, 1896 – Novelist

CULLEN, WILLIAM
Born April 15, 1710 – Physicist

D

DALHOUSIE, LORD
Dalhousie University was founded by Lord Dalhousie in 1818. The curriculum was based on the curriculum and teaching methods used at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Thomas McCulloch became the first president of Dalhousie. Under McCulloch In 1841 Dalhousie was granted university status.

DALE, DAVID
Born Jan. 06, 1739 Cotton Mill Owner Built town, which became New Lanark

DAWSON, SIR JOHN WILLIAM
University of New Brunswick was founded in most part by Sir John William Dawson a Canadian born of Scots heritage.

De RAMEAY, CLAUDE
A Frenchman of Scottish ancestry Commander General of the troops of New France 1699 Governor of Montreal 1704-1724 Governor par interim of Canada

DEWAR, JAMES
Born Sept 20, 1842 – Invented the vacuum flask

DE WITT, WALLACE
Co-founder of the Readers Digest He wanted as his epitaph “The Final Condensation”

DOYLE, ARTHUR CONAN
Born May 22, 1859 Author “Sherlock Holmes”

DOW, WILLIAM
One of Montreal’s important brewers was born on March 27, 1800 in Perthshire, Scotland. He came to Canada around 1919 and opened his own brewery ‘William Dow and Company” in 1834. He became a very wealth business man and invested his money in banks, the railway and real estate. He lived in Strathearn House, 1175 Place du Frere Andre later known as Mother Tucker’s Restaurant.

DRUMMOND, GEORGE
Managed Redpath Sugar Refinery President Bank of Montreal

DUNCAN, ARCHIE
Born May 26, 1916 Actor – played Sherlock Holmes

DUNCAN, REV. HENRY
Born Oct. 08, 1774 Organized savings bank & Member of Free Church

DUNLOP, JOHN BOYD
Born Feb. 05, 1846 Invented (patented) the pneumatic tire

DUNLOP, WILLIAM (BILL)
Scottish-American truck driver Made a solo trip west to east crossing of the Atlantic in a nine ft, one inch long sailboat – a world record.

E

EASTON, SHEENA
Born April 27, 1959 Singer/ actress “For Your Eyes Only”

F

FAIRBAIRN, SIR WILLIAM
Invented the crane in 1850

FAULDS, HENRY
Born June 01, 1843 Introduced fingerprinting into forensics

FERGUSON, PATRICK
Born June 04, 1744 invented the breech loading rifle

FERGUSON, ROBERT
Born Sept. 05, 1750 – Poet

FLEMING, ALEXANDER
Born August 06, 1881 Discovered penicillin. He said he trained his mind traversing the upland moors of Scotland while learning the shorter catechism

FLEMING, SIR SANDFORD
Born July 07, 1827 Father of Standard time Designed 1st Canadian Stamp

FOULIS, ROBERT
1796 – 1866 Born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1796 Robert Foulis studied medicine, engineering, and fine art before leaving his native land. Foulis intended to immigrate to the United States but the ship he was on went off course landing in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Friends persuaded him to stay in Halifax. He worked as a portrait painter there until he relocated to New Brunswick in 1821 where he worked as a civil engineer. Foulis began New Brunswick’s first iron foundry. He established a school of fine arts In 1853 he presented his plans to the Lighthouse Commissioners of the Provincial Assembly for a steam fog-horn. It was the first navigational aid installed on Partridge Island. (1860) It was in the days before radar a very important navigational tool used in bad weather when light houses could not be seen. The steam fog-horn would guide ships into harbor, warning them of rocks in shallow water. This steam fog-horn has since been acknowledged as one of the most important navigational aids ever invented. Nonetheless, Mr. Foulis died unknown and in poverty in 1866. Foulis inventions included: A telegraph system based on the steam whistle A machine to harness the ocean tides And a steam engine for use in sawmills

FORRESTER, MAUREEN
Musician

FOULIS, ROBERT
1796 – 1866 Foulis, born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1796 studied medicine, engineering, and fine art before leaving Scotland. He intended to immigrate to the United States but the ship he was on went off course landing in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Friends persuaded him to stay. In Halifax he worked as a portrait painter until he relocated to New Brunswick in 1821 where he worked as a civil engineer. Foulis began New Brunswick’s first iron foundry He established a school of fine arts In 1853 he presented his plans to the Lighthouse Commissioners of the Provincial Assembly for a steam fog-horn. It was the first navigational aid installed on Partridge Island. (1860) In the days before radar the fog-horn was a very important navigational tool used in bad weather when light houses could not be seen. The steam fog-horn would guide ships into harbor, warning them of rocks in shallow water. It has since been acknowledged as one of the most important navigational aids ever invented. Nonetheless, Mr. Foulis died unknown and in poverty in 1866. His inventions included: A telegraph system based on the steam whistle A machine to harness the ocean tides And a steam engine for use in sawmills

FRAZER, SIR JAMES GEORGE
1854, 1 January Scholar and anthropologist, Sir James George Frazer, was born in Glasgow. He was educated in classical studies at Glasgow and Cambridge universities, and in 1879 he became a fellow at the latter. Fraser was knighted in 1914, awarded the British Order of Merit in 1925, and died in Cambridge on May 7, 1941. Sir James George Frazer blended Sir Edward Tylor’s Primitive Culture comparative method with his own to study ancient customs by examining modern people living on a primitive level. He did not do fieldwork but rather spent considerable time doing library research in obtaining ethnographic information from the accounts of travelers, missionaries, and officials. His great work, written in Victorian style, was The Golden Bough, a study of religion and magic that popularized anthropology was published in 1890. His later works include Totemism and Exogamy (1910), Folklore in the Old Testament (1923), and Man, God and Immortality (1927). .

FRASER, SIMON
Explorer

G

GEDDES, PATRICK
Born Oct. 02, 1854 – Pioneer of Town planning

GLENIE, JAMES
Settled in New Brunswick in 1787 after he retired from the Army in which he served as an Officer. Member o f the New Brunswick Assembly He was an outspoken critic of the ruling government and council.

DR JOHN GOODSIR
Born in Anstruther in Fife, Scotland. According to research at the University of Sheffield, Dr John Goodsir, a little-known doctor and anatomist, showed that stomach upsets were caused by bacteria and by destroying bacteria illness could be prevented. This discovery was made in 1842, 18 years before Pasteur. Louis Pasteur has long been recognized as the first man to prove that germs cause disease and that bacterial infection can be treated using selective poisons. Dr. John Goodsir was appointed as curator of Edinburgh University in 1843

GORDON, DONALD
6 feet 6 inches tall Glasgow born President of Canadian National Railways

GOW, NEIL
Born March 22, 1737 1st of a famous family of fiddle players and composers

GRAHAM, HUGH
1869, Hugh Graham founded the Montreal Star

GRIERSON, JOHN
Scottish film director and producer John Grierson, was born on April 26, 1898. A pioneer of documentary filmmaking, and founder of the 1926 British documentary film movement he is credited with being the first person to use the word ‘documentary’, from the French ‘documentaries’, a word which was used to describe travelogues, in an article he wrote about Robert Flaherty’s film, “Moana”. He produced two of the most famous films in British documentary history: “Song of Ceylon” and “Night Mail” for the GPO’s film unit where he began work in 1933. He immigrated to Canada in 1939 where he set up the National Film Board of Canada

H

HALL, SIR JAMES
Born 1761 in Dunglass, East Lothian Generally recognized as the founding father of experimental geology

HAIG, EARL GEORGE
Born on June19,1861 in Edinburgh, Scotland Haig spent a distinguished career in the military. He rose through the ranks of the 7th Hussars until he eventually became Commander in Chile of Allied Forces in WW1 in 1915. His tactics during the war have been questioned as being unimaginative and wasteful of soldiers’ live. He himself spoke in despair of the casualties lost as the main reason for his work in founding the British Legion and instituting the Poppy Day appeal.

HOGG, JAMES
The Ettrick Shepherd, Noted Poet James Hogg Born December 09, 1770-1835 James Hogg was born at Ettrick Hall at the top of the Ettrick Valley. He is the Scottish Borders early 19th century poet known as the Ettrick Shepherd. Hogg compiled a song collection called “Jacobite Relics of Scotland”. He is best known for his novel, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (1824). Some of his other works are Scottish Pastorals (1801), The Mountain Bard (1807), The Forest Minstrel (1810), The Queen’s Wake (1813), The Pilgrims of the Sun (1815), The Poetic Mirror (1816), The Brownie of Bodsbeck (1818) and The Jacobite Relics of Scotland (1891-21). In 1832 he was offered a knighthood but he turned it down

HOPPER, GRACE MURRAY
1906-1992 Called amazing Grace Rear Admiral in the navy Highest ranking woman & the oldest American naval officer Won Legion of Merit & 20 honorary degrees Co-inventor of the early computer language, Cobol Coined the word “Bug”

HUME, DAVID
Born May 07, 1711 – Philosopher

HUTTON, JAMES
Born June 03, 1726 Founder of modern geology

HUTCHISON, ALEXANDER COWPER
Born in Montreal of Scottish ancestors in April 2, 1838 he became a leading architect. Some of buildings are; his The Bank of Montreal Dome, The Lord Strathcona’s residence, The Redpath museum, LaPresse Building, and the MacDonald College Buildings. His family from Ayrshire, Scotland is one of the oldest of Montreal’s Scottish families. Hutchison Street was named after this family.

I

ISAACS, JEREMY
Born Jan 28, 1932 – TV mogul

J

JACKSON, GORDON
Born Dec. 19, 1923 Actor “The Prime of Miss Jean Broodie”

JONES, JOHN PAUL
Born July 06, 1747 Founded the U.S. Navy

JOHNSTONE, CHEVALIER
Aid e-de-Camp of the losing French General Montcalm Johnstone fought at Culloden with many of those he opposed at Quebec. to Gen. James Murray. (Wolfe was killed during the battle)

JOHNSTON, JAMES GRAHAM
(and Thomas J Watson, an American of Ulster Scottish ancestry) Developed a tabulating machine – a prototype computer for the company that later become IBM

K

KERR, DEBORAH
Sept 30, 1921 Actress “The King & I” and “Tea & Sympathy” just to name a few

KIDD, CAPTAIN WILLIAM
Privateer and pirate He was eventually hanged

KNOX, JOHN
Leader of the Protestant Reformation

L

HOMAGE TO MONARCH OF THE GLEN
The Royal Scottish Academy in Edinburgh has launched their first-ever exhibition of works by the 19th century English painter Sir Edwin Landseer. Landseer created one of the most famous Scottish painting icons – the Monarch of the Glen. The magnificent stag amid purple heather and rugged mountains has adorned many a wall and shortbread tin. He was a frequent visitor on the Glenfeshie estate of the Duke and Duchess of Bedford and accompanied Queen Victoria on painting tours around her Balmoral estate. Landseer, together with Sir Walter Scott and Queen Victoria, is credited with fostering the romantic image of the Highlands which still persists. In his day, his prints and engravings outsold most of his contemporaries, but that very romanticized image for which he is well known has fallen out of favor in recent years. His hunting scenes of baying hounds and their exhausted prey are also out of synch with today’s tastes. But the exhibition of 80 of his works at the RSA, many from private collections never seen in public before, also shows a variety of subjects, including a “Comical Dog” and “Flood in the Highlands”.

LAUDER, HARRY
Born August 04, 1870 Singer, Comedian, International Entertainer Some say he propagated Scottish stereotypes

LAWRIE, PAUL
Born Jan. 01, 1969 Professional Golfer/ won the British Open in Camousie 1999

LENNOX, ANNIE
Born Dec. 25, 1954 Singer/Songwriter Member of the Eurhythmics

LISTON, ROBERT
Born Oct. 28, 1794 He was the first doctor to use either in surgery.

LISTER, JOSEPH
Born April 05, 1827 Founder of anti-septic medicine

LIVINGSTONE, DAVID
Born March 19, 1813, Missionary / African explorer

LYLE, SANDY
Born Feb. 09, 1958, Golfer

M

MARTIN, ABRAHAM
The middle of the 17th century some say: 1 He was the pilot of the ship Don de Dieu that sailed up the St. Lawrence and found French Canada. 2 Others say he was the King’s first pilot on the river. He was awarded the Heights and Plains of Abraham near Quebec City. It was from there in 1759 that General Wolfe won victory over the French. Thousands of French Canadians trace their ancestry back to Abraham Martin.

MAVOR, OSBORNE HENRY
1888, January 3,Playwright James Bridie, pseudonym for Osborne Henry Mavor, was born in Glasgow, to Henry Mavor and Janet Osborne. He married Rona Bremner in 1923 and had two sons. He died of vascular disease on 29 January 1951 in Edinburgh. Mavor showed an interest in literature at an early age but studied medicine and received a degree in 1913 from the University of Glasgow. While studying there he headed the Glasgow University Magazine and wrote student dramas,. He was a successful doctor, working for the Glasgow Royal Infirmary, teaching at Anderson College, and serving as an officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps in both world wars. He was a member of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons and the Royal Society of Literature. Nonetheless he became famous as a playwright. He is credited with spurring the 29th century revival of the Scottish Theater. His dozens of plays, written 1928-1951, were celebrated for their satire and moral soul searching. The most notable were The Switchback 1929, and A Sleeping Clergyman in 1933. In 1929 he founded the Glasgow Citizens’ Theatre and in 1950 the Glasgow College of Drama.

MAXWELL, JAMES CLARK
Born June 13, 1831 in Edinburgh. He was nicknamed “daftie” by his fellow pupils at Edinburgh Academy, Maxwell went on to predict the existence of radio waves in 1865 He is considered by many to be the father of the science of electronics.

MILLER, HUGH
Born Oct. 10, 1802 Writer & leading figure in the Free Church

MITCHISON, NAOMI
Born Nov. 01, 1897 Novelist, Politician “The Conquered” Cloud Cuckoo Land”

MONTGOMERIE, COLIN
Born June 23, 1963 – pro golfer

MORSE, SAMUEL FINLAY BREESE
Created the “Morse” code

MUIR, JOHN
Father of the US National Park Service Born April 21, 1838 Scottish-born American naturalist responsible for the creation of California’s Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks. The 550-acre Muir Woods National Monument is named after him.

MUIR, THOMAS
The Glasgow-born Advocate, was arrested for sedition on January 2nd, 1793. He was released after a few days and went to France. On his return to Scotland, he was tried and sentenced to 14 years transportation. Muir was the founder of the Scottish Friends of the People. Muir and the other leaders of this group transported to Australia, are known as the Scottish Martyrs.

MURRAY, ANNE
Born in Springhill, Nova Scotia in 1945 Anne ranks among the most successful singers in Canada. She worked as a physical education teacher until shortly after 1966 when she began singing on CBC”s television series “Sing along Jubilee”

MURRAY, GENERAL JAMES
The citadel of Quebec was surrendered to him. He became the first British governor of Canada

MAC

MacADAM, JOHN LOUDON
Born Sept. 21, 1756 Invented tar – macadam for road surfaces

Mac BETH -MacBETHAD macFindlaech
c.1005 -1057 In 1040 Alba’s (Scotland) best known Kings came to power. He ruled successfully for 17 years Chronicles describe him as a liberal king who ruled productively and generously. It is said that ‘he did many pleasant acts in the beginning of his reign’

MacDIARMID, HUGH
Born August 11, 1892 – Patriotic Writer

MacDONALD, ANGUS L.
1890 – 1945 Born in Dunvegan, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia in 1890, he was educated at St. Francis Xavier, Dalhousie, and Harvard Universities. He served in WW1 Admitted to the Bar of Nova Scotia (1921) Assistant Attorney-General for the province of N. S. Professor at Dalhousie University (1930) Leader of the Liberal Party in Nova Scotia (1933 – 1940) Premier of Nova Scotia (WW2) Federal Minister of Naval Affairs (1945 – 1954) Premier of Nova Scotia The Angus L. MacDonald Bridge connecting Halifax to Dartmouth is named after him. The Library at St. Francis Exavier University has also been named in his hon our.

MacDONALD, BRIAN
Choreographer

MacDONALD, SIR JOHN A
Born Jan 11, 1815 – First Prime Minister of Canada

MacDONALD, J.E.H.
Member of the Group of Seven He was a pioneer in modern Canadian painting

MacEACHERN, ANGUS
Born in Scotland in 1759 dec. 1835 1790 immigrated to P.E.I. First Bishop of Charlottetown, P.E.I. 1831 He established St. Andrew’s College in PEI for seminarians

MacGREGOR, Ewan
Born March 31, 1971 Actor “Transporting, Moulin Rouge, Star Wars, Long Way Around, Long Way Down”

MacINTOCH, CHARLES
Born Dec. 29, 1766 Invented waterproof cloth

MacKENZIE, ALEXANDER
Born Jan. 28, 1822 Canada’s second Prime Minister

MacKENZIE, ALEXANDER
Canada’s most important explorer – He was the first person to make an overland crossing of the full width of the North American continent. The Mackenzie River is named for him Youngest senior partner of the North West Company Became Member of Parliament in Britain Died on a farm in Scotland 1820

MacKENZIE, ALEXANDER CAMPBELL
Born August 22, 1847 Composer & Conductor

MacKENZIE, COMPTON
Born Jan 17, 1883 Author, “Whisky Galore”

MacKENZIE, C. J. (Chambers)
Born in St. Stephens, N. B. 1888 dec. 1984 Served in WW1 Dean of Engineering -University of Saskatchewan President of National Research Council Atomic Energy Council Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. and the Atomic Energy Control Board Received:: Companion of the Order of Canada Fellowship in the Royal Society of Canada

Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Architect, artist and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh, created such masterpieces as the Glasgow School of Art and the Scotland Street School at the end of the 19th and the early part of the 20th century. (2005)

MacLAUGHLIN, MURRAY
Musician

MacLELLAN, HUGH
Novelist

MacMILLAN, SIR ERNEST
Musician

MacNEIL, AL
Born in Sydney, Cape Breton in 1935 He played in the National Hockey League:: Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Canadians Chicago Black Hawks New York Rangers Pittsburg Penguins MacNeil coached the Montreal Canadians to a Stanley Cup in 1971 He was named American Hockey League Coach of the Year (twice)

MacQUARIE, LACHLAN
Born Jan. 31, 1762 – Father of Australia

Mc

McCAIN, HARRISON
Mr. McCain is head of McCain Foods, located in Florenceville, New Brunswick. In 1957 following in the footsteps of his father, who ran a potato export company, he established a potato processing company which includes McCain Foods, and the McCain Group with interests in heavy equipment manufacturing, shipping and trucking.

MacRAE, JOHN
Scottish-Canadian author wrote “In Flanders’ Fields”

McCULLOCH, THOMAS
Born in Scotland 1776 – 1843 Clergyman, social reformer, author, educator. Ordained a minister 1799 of the Secession branch of the Presbyterian Church (1838) First President of Dalhousie University in Halifax He founded Pictou Academy, Nova Scotia in 1816. He modeled the curriculum on Scottish universities.

McGILL, JAMES
Founder McGill University. His ashes are buried on the campus of McGill University.

McGILL, PETER
Mayor of Montreal First President of St. Andrew’s Society Montreal

McINTOSH, CHARLES RENNIE
Designer/Artist – architect

McLAREN, CHARLES
Born Oct. 07, 1782 One of the founders of the “Scotsman”

McLAREN, NORMAN
Internationally known Scottish-Canadian filmmaker

McTAVISH, JOHN GEORGE
John George McTavish, Chief of the McTavish clan’ son, was a close friend of George Simpson. McTavish became Chief Factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Lake of Two Mountains. McTavish was a feisty Scott. During the War of 1812 flying the British flag on his canoe he crossed the continent and captured John Jacob Astor’s fur post, Astoria, on the Pacific Coast.

McTAVISH, SIMON (Highlander)
Founded the Montreal based NORTH WEST COMPANY in 1783 Finally after great pressure in 1821 it merged with the better organized and capitalized Hudson Bay Co.

M

MORTON, W. L.
Non-Fiction writer

MOWETT, FARLEY
Non-fiction writer

N

NAPIER, JOHN (1550-1617)
Inventor of logarithms Built the world’s first mechanical computing device Added the point to the decimal fraction

NASMYTH, JAMES from Edinburgh
Creator of standardized, automatic, machine tools Invented: Steam hammer in 1839 ,Pile Driver, Dentist drill

NEILSON, JAMES BEAUMONT
Hot Blast (Air) Furnace, 1828 It was the pivotal development of the iron & steel industry. It reduced the fuel cost of making iron by 2/3

NICKLAUS, JACK
Golfer Jack Nicklaus this week became first living person outside of the royal family to have his portrait on a Scottish bank note. OK, so it was a marketing man’s dream, but the honour to the American golfer who is held in such affection by many Scots and who has had such a love affair with St Andrews, was nevertheless well merited. Two million of the £5 notes were printed. They carry a small golden bear on the front in addition to the usual design. The reverse side is totally dedicated to images of Nicklaus holding the famous claret jug awarded to the winner of The Open, the Royal and Ancient club house, golden bears, golf balls, a table of the scratch scores for the course and the scores of Nicklaus’ wins at The Open at St Andrews in 1970 and 1978. Nicklaus has had along connection with the Royal Bank of Scotland – he has carried the bank’s logo on his golf bag for 42 years. (From Rampart Scotland 2005)

NIVEN, DAVID
Scottish film actor and author born March 01, 1910 War hero, Hollywood actor Writer of humorous autobiographies His films include ‘A Matter of Life and Death’, ‘Around the World in 80 Days’, ‘The Guns of Navarone’ and ‘The Pink Panther’. He is also well known as the author of the best selling autobiography, ‘The Moon’s a Balloon’.

NOTMAN, WILLIAM
Montreal Photographer, Artist, Businessman

O

OGILVIE, JOHN
When the news of General Nelson’s death reached Montreal; John Ogilvie joined a number of Scots on a committee which commissioned a Monument to be made in England to Nelson. The monument was erected on Notre Dame Street near the Chateau de Ramezay. Ogilvie named his estate located just west of Cote des Neiges “Trafalgar”. There, every year on the anniversary of the sea battle, he fired a cannon salute from the top of a tower.

OLIPHANT, CAROLINA
Born August 17, 1766 Song writer “Will Ye No come Back Again”

ORR, JOHN BOYD
Born Sept 23, 1880 Nobel Prize winner Director of Food Administration Organization

ORR, WILLIAM & JOHN
Began Ulster’s cotton industry

OWEN, ROBERT
Born May 14, 1771 Industrialist , Social reformer

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PARK, MUNGO
Born Sept 10, 1771 Explorer – Africa

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RAE, JOHN
Born Sept. 30, 1831, Explored Canada’s Northwest Coast

RAMSAY, ALLAN SR.
Born Oct. 15, 1686, Poet

RAMSAY, ALLAN
“The Younger” Born Oct. 13, 1713 Great Scottish portrait painter

RAMSAY, GORDON
Famous chef, Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares, Hell’s Kitchen, The “F” Word

RAMSAY, WILLIAM
Born Oct. 02, 1852 Discovered the gases: Argon, Neon, Xenon, Helium, & Krypton

RANKIN, HENRY C. D.
(1888-1965) Ayrshire, Scotland. Surgeon and Major-General. Served with distinction in the 1914-18 War. Surgeon to C in C India (1923-25) and (1927-31), Surgeon to the Governor, Bombay (1936-37). Deputy Director Medical Services in India Commands (1941-46).

RANKIN, ROBERT (1915)
Robert was educated at Fettes and Cambridge. He became a Professor of Mathematics at Glasgow University (1954) Prof. of Pure Mathematics at Birmingham Univ. (1951-54). Visiting Professor, Indiana University (1963-64).

RANKINE, William John Macquorn
Born in Edinburgh (1820-72) William was an Engineer and physicist. His work on the steam engine, machinery, ship-building, applied mechanics, and metal fatigue became standard textbooks. He evolved the scientific term ‘Energy’ He is considered to be the founder of the science of thermodynamics. Elected FRS in 1853.

REITH, LORD JOHN
Born July 20, 1889 Director-General BBC , Chairman BOAC

RENNIE, JOHN
Born June 07, 1761 Architect of bridges & canals

RESTON, JAMES, “Scotty”
Born Nov. 03, 1909 Renowned journalist New York Times

RICHARDSON, JOHN
Chairman of the committee which prepared the articles for the establishment of the Bank of Montreal Founder and 1st President of the Montreal General Hospital

ROEBURN, HENRY
Born March 04, 1756 Prominent Scottish portrait painter

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SEABURY, SAMUEL
Born Nov. 14, 1864 Consecrated in Aberdeen as 1st US Episcopal Bishop

SCOTT, SIR WALTER
Born August 15, 1771 Writer, romantic – adventure novels Author “Rob Roy” & “Ivanhoe”

SHAND, JIMMY
Scottish country dance band leader

SHEPHERD, DR. FRANCIS
Dr. Francis Shepherd, established McGill’s reputation for excellence in Anatomy. He introduced a demanding standard for anatomical training and research based on his experiences in Edinburgh, one of the most progressive medical schools of the day. Both a notable anatomist and surgeon, he designed the Strathcona Medical Building opened in 1911. (Montreal, Quebec)

SIMPSON, GEORGE
He became overseas Governor of all the merged companies’ . Under Simpson the Hudson Bay Co became the largest corporate landowner in history. It comprised much of the present U.S. and most of Canada. The Company had 110 forts across the continent, and even over the Pacific to Siberia and the Philippines. Mr. Simpson traveled by canoe, wearing his beaver top hat and accompanied by his own private piper who piped him into the forts. George Simpson was the first man to travel around the world by land. – the Emperor of Russia, the Queen of England, and the president of the U.S.A. excepted.

SIMPSON, GEORGE
George Simpson was a short, fiery, red headed authoritative Scot known as The Little Emperor of the North. He was born in 1789 near Culloden in the Scottish Highlands where he was raised by his grandfather, the Reverend Thomas Simpson. George came to Canada via England as a governor for the Hudson Bay Company. A convent is now located where George Simpson’s home was in Lachine. Opposite it was a small fur post which is still standing. From this fur post the caravan of canoes left and by way of the Ottawa River, through Lake Nipissing, and French River to Sault Saint Marie finally reaching the head of Lake Superior. The North West Co. with the Hudson’s Bay Co united in 1821, with George Simpson as the first resident Governor in Canada of the united companies. For forty years he ruled Canada (except the Maritimes and a small area along the St. Lawrence River) as well as fourteen of the present states of the American Union . At that time there were one hundred and ten Company’s forts built across the Continent to Southern California and across the Pacific to the Philippine Islands and Siberia. Simpson was the first man to journey overland around the world During his governorship he traveled 100,000 miles by canoe. He wore a beaver top hat and always traveled with his personal piper, Colin Fraser sitting beside him in the canoe, ready to pipe him ashore.

SIMPSON, JAMES YOUNG
Born June 07, 1811 Discovered chloroform. First obstetrician to use chloroform in obstetrics He first used chloroform as an anesthetic on Nov. 12, 1847

SINCLAIR, CLIVE
An Englishman of Scottish ancestry Produced the world’s first pocket calculator

SINCLAIR, PRINCE HENRY
Born near Edinburgh an 1345, Grand Sea Lord He commanded an expedition that reached North America almost a century before Columbus. See Encyclopedia Britannica “Sir Henry..(d.c.1400) rediscovered Greenland with the Venetian travelers Nicole and Antonio Zeno Book: Prince Henry Sinclair written by Frederick J. Pohl says Sinclair made land at Gysborough, N. S. June 2, 1398 & later went on to what is now Westford, Massachusetts. The print of the arms of a member of the Scottish clan Gunn can still be seen in the rocks.

SLESSOR, MARY
Born Dec. 02, 1848, African Missionary

SMILES, SAMUEL
Born Dec. 23, 1812 Writer & Author “Self Help” “Lives of Engineers”

SMITH, ADAM
June 5, 1723 the father of economics, Adam Smith, was born in Kirkcaldy.. In 1751 Smith was appointed professor of logic at Glasgow University, transferring in 1752 to the chair of moral philosophy. Author of the pioneering work, ‘An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations, ‘which examined in detail the consequences of economic freedom, and the role of self-interest, the division of lab our and the function of markets. “Wealth of Nations” established economics as an autonomous subject and launched doctrine of free enterprise. Author: Other Books, An apostle in the Industrial Revolution The ideologist of Free Trade First economic philosopher

SMITH, DONALD ALEXANDER (Lord Strathcona)
Born in Forres, Morayshire, Scotland. Hudson Bay Trader 1838 he started out as an apprentice in the Hudson Bay Co,. He became the company’s principal shareholder He was the governor of the company until his death in 1914 President of the Bank of Montreal Drove the “Last spike” Was an aid to Washington in Western Pennsylvania Chancellor of McGill University He gave generously to Montreal Institutions The Anglo-Boer War Memorial in Dorchester Square commerates Lord Strathcona’s part in raising the “Strathcona’s Horse Regiment

SMITH, WILLIAM
Born Oct. 27, 1854 Founder of the “Boys Brigade”

SOUTAR, WILLIAM
Born April 28, 1898, Poet

STEPHEN, GEORGE (Lord Mount Stephen)
Born in Duffton, Banffshire, Scotland on June 5th 1829. He immigrated to Montreal in 1850 and worked in a wool clothing firm. Principal founder of the Canadian Pacific Railway He became the first president (of the CPR) His statue stands at the entrance of Windsor station concourse He was also Director and President of the Bank of Montreal He was an art collector and a noted philanthropist

STEPHENSON, DR. JOHN
Dr. John Stephenson, one of the four founders of McGill University, became the first Professor of Anatomy in 1832, as well as the first Professor of Surgery.

STEVENSON, ROBERT
Born June 08, 1772 Engineer. Constructed 18 lighthouses in Scotland

STEVENSON, ROBERT LOUIS
Born Nov. 13, 1850 Author “Treasure Island”

STEVENSON, THOMAS
Born July 22, 1818 Lighthouse Builder Father of Robert Lewis Stevenson

STEWART, JACKIE
Born June 11, 1939, Formula 1 Racer

STEWART, JAMES
Founder of British America , the precursor of the U.S.A.

STEWART, ROD
Born Jan 10, 1945, Pop star

STOBO, MAJOR ROBERT of Glasgow
Guided Wolf’s Fraser highlanders up the Heights of Abraham

STRACHAN, JOHN
Established first grammar schools in Upper Canada.

STUART, JAMES FRANCIS
Born June 10, 1688 The Old Pretender

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TAYLOR, JAMES
Born May 05, 1758, Developed the steamboat

TALBOT, WILLIAM H. FOX
Born Feb. 11, 1800 Pioneering Photographer

TELFORD, THOMAS
Born August 09, 1757 Civil engineer “Caledonian Canal”, Roads & Bridges

THOMSON, KENNETH
Canadian Scot Principal shareholder of the Hudson Bay Co. One of the oldest commercial enterprises still in existence.

THOMSON, WILIAM (Lord Kelvin)
Mathematician Creator of the “Kelvin” absolute temperature scale.

TURING, ALAN MATHESON
A resident of England of Scottish descent built the Turing machine, an early computer. He built a decoding marching during WW2 that is called to-day the world’s first electronic digital computer

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WALKER, DAVID
Novelist

WALLACE, SIR WILLIAM
1270 – 1305, Born in Ayrshire, Scotland on August 5, 1270. Married in Lanark on March 1296. Martyred in London on August 23, 1305 Some consider him Scotland’s greatest hero. William Wallace was by all accounts a handsome man, standing 6 feet 6 inches tall. Co-commander at the battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, Wallace led his army to victory against an English army four times the size of his own. Wallace was betrayed and handed over to the English. He was drawn and quartered for treason although he had never sworn fealty to England. Sir William Wallace was made more famous by the movie “Braveheart” Book: “In Pursuit of Sir William Wallace”by C. C. Loudoun go to www.elmsella.demon.co.uk

WATT, JAMES
Produced the Steam engine The world’s first independent power source, the steam engine, the pivotal invention of the entire Industrial Revolution.

James Watt “Slowed Industrial Development” Inventor James Watt is always credited with the evolution of the modern steam engine with the development of a separate condenser. His ideas are said to have laid the foundation of the industrial revolution which was founded on his steam engine. But now a new archive of correspondence between Watt and his partner, Mathew Boulton, is said to show that Watt’s insistence on refusing to allow anyone to make adjustments to his 25-year patent restricted further development and held back progress on the first steam locomotive. However, Watt’s great-great-great-great grandson described the claims as “spurious”. He argues that as a sensible businessman he protected his inventions from plagiarism and he had justifiable concerns about safety.(Article taken from www.Electric Scotland.com)

WATT, ROBERT WATSON
Born April 13, 1892, Developed Radar

WEBSTER, HUGH
Actor

WILSON, JAMES
Born Sept. 14, 1742 Signed the Declaration of Independence He was of two Scotsmen to sign it.

WILSON, JAMES
Born September 03, 1760, Weaver

WITHERSPOON, JOHN
Born Feb. 15, 1723 He was the only ordained clergy to sign the Declaration of Independence

WYLLIE, GEORGE
Glasgow Sculptor In 1990, 70 year old Wyllie sailed from London to New York in what journalists described to be a 120 ft. paper boat. The vessel was made from an 80-by-120 ft sheet folded on an area the size of a football field. The British Consul General and a pipe band met with Wyllie’s arrival.

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YOUNG, JAMES
Founded the Petroleum industry by producing paraffin from oil shale He coined the word “cracking” used in the oil refining industry. He was the world’s largest producer of coal oil in 1858

Scots in Ireland

BARBOUR, JOHN
Of Paisley began the Irish-linen industry

GIMMEL, ROBERT
Started the Ulster’s cotton industry along with William & John Orr

HOME, FRANCIS
Began Ulster’s chemical industry

OLDHAM ARTHUR
Founder of Edinburgh Festival Chorus in 1965, longtime director of the Orchestra de Paris’s highly regarded chorus, which he organized in 1975 died in Paris on May 4, 2003 at age 76. Mr. Oldham had retired some years ago to live in Paris commuting on a weekly basis for some time between France and Britain where he worked with the choruses of the London Symphony Orchestra and Scottish Opera.

ORR, WILLIAM & JOHN
Began Ulster’s cotton industry The founders of the United States of America were mainly Scots. Accordingly when they drew up the United States Constitution they modeled its democratic structure along the lines of the three tiered Scottish Presbytery – an organization they admired. GMT.

McDONALD’S
Founded by Richard & Maurice McDonald Irish American brothers

Scotish Brand Names

ARMOUR AND CO.
was founded in Chicago by Philip Armory 1832-1901. By 1923 the company was the largest meat packer in the world.

AVON PRODUCTS
Founded by David McConnell and American of Scottish-Irish ancestry

BAXTER’S OF SPEYSIDE
The Scottish food processing firm with a worldwide reputation was founded in 1914 by William & Ethel Baxter

BLACK & DECKER:
American tool firm founded by two men of Scottish ancestry, S. Duncan Black and Alonzo G.Decker

BOVRIL
James Lawson Johnston took a step towards providing the British with cheap protein when he invented his “fluid beef” in 1874.

BUICK CARS
Created by David Dunbar Buick who emigrated from Scotland to the USA in 1856 and built the first Buick in 1903, featuring an unprecedented valve -in-head engine. Illness forced Buick to sell his company to William C. Durant who used it as the base to found General Motors, now the co with the largest sales in the world. David Dunbar Buick died in poverty, his name almost unknown, as millions of Bucks and other GM cars rolled off the assembly lines

BURPEE SEEDS
Atlee Burpee whose mother, Lois Torrance, was born in Palestine, and the daughter of Presbyterian minister from Glasgow is responsible for Burpee seeds. Burpee copied the modest success of Scottish American farmer John Rennie, who was the first to grow flower seeds in California’s Lompoc Valley. Rennie, in turn, had planted his seeds at the suggestion of John Smith, a Scot who visited him in 1907. Today the Lompoc Valley produces more than half the worlds flower seeds.

BURRY COOKIES
Started in Toronto in 1888 by Christina Burry, a widowed Scotswoman, whose storefront operation supported her and her five sons.

CAMPBELL’S SOUP
Was created by John Campbell, born in 1817 in Bridgeton, New Jersey to James & Hamma Campbell, two strict Presbyterians. The Campbell plant at Camden, New Jersey, was at one time unquestionable the greatest industrial canning plant in the world.

CANADA DRY
Concocted by a Scottish chemist in Toronto around 1890

CANNON TOWELS
Founded by James William Cannon, A Scottish American

DOW CHEMICALS
Founded by Herbert Henry Dow, a Scottish American

DUNLOP TIRES
Founded by John Boyd Dunlop, a native of Scotland, in Belfast, Ireland

GRAHAM CRACKERS
Sylvester Graham, an American of Scottish decent & the father of public health in America, developed graham flour to combat malnutrition.

HOLIDAY INN
Was founded by Charles Kemmons Wilson, an American of Scottish descent whose father died when he was nine year old leaving him and his mother poor. Williams’s response was to buy a $50.00 pop corn machine on credit. He paid $1.00 down and $1.00 a week while placing it productively in a movie theatre in Memphis Tennessee. From that start he now owns the largest hotel chain in the world with almost 200 hotels in all 50 states & on every continent except Antarctica.

KEILLER’S MARMALADE
Janet Keiller made the first batch after her grocer husband brought a distressed cargo of Seville oranges in the harbor at Dundee. Her son founded James Keiller and Son Ltd. in 1797 and it became the first large scale producer of marmalade.

KELLOGG’S CEREALS
An old family tradition holds that the ancestors of Will Keith Kellogg originated in Scotland. Today Kellogg is the largest breakfast cereal company in the world.

LENOX CHINA
The company which makes America’s finest china, including the White House services from President Wilson to Reagan, was founded in the 19 century by Walter Scott Lenox, of Scotch-Irish ancestry.

LIGGETT-REXALL DRUGS
Founded by Scottish-American Louis Leggett

LIPTON TEA
Was the creation of Sir Thomas Johnston Lipton, who thought of himself as Irish but was in fact born in Glasgow

MARRIOTT HOTEL CHAIN
Was started in Washington, DC by William Marriott, an American of partly Scottish Ancestry. He began the business with a root beer stand during the depression.

MCKESSON & ROBBINS DRUGS
Founded by John McKesson

MONTEREY JACK CHEESE
An American cheese named after David Jack, a Scot who joined the California gold rush but who eventually got rich making cheese.

MOUNT GREY RUM
The product of the Ward family, whose ancestors came to Barbados from ?Scotland and Africa. James Purdy & Sons Ltd the world’s most exclusive firearms manufacturing establishment was founded by James Purdy in London in 1814 Today the company only makes 65 to 70 weapons a year which it sells to Kings, world leaders, and celebrities Khrushchev, Franco, Bing Crosby for about $45,000 per copy Buyers wait 2 years delivery.

OLD CROW BOURBON WHISKEY
Founded by Dr. James Crow, a Scottish physician who immigrated to Kentucky in 1822 and introduced the “sour-mash” method of fermentation to that state.

OLD FORRESTER BOURBON
The pride of Brown-Forman distillers, founded by James Brown of Scottish decent.

PIERCE ARROW CARS
Developed by the father of Scottish singer Mary Garden

PROCTOR & GAMBLE CO.
Founded by James Gamble a Scotch-Irish soap maker. He & William proctor each invested $3,596.47 in what is now America’s largest soap manufacturing company

ROBERTSON’S JAMS
Founded by James Robertson of Paisley

ROSE’S LIME JUICE
In the 19 century Lachlan Rose found a way to preserve lime juice without alcohol and founded the world-famous company currently owned by Schweppes

ROLLS ROYCE CO.
Founded by Charles Stewart Rolls a Briton of Scottish Ancestry. His father was John Alan Rolland & his mother was Georgiana MacLean a daughter of Fitzroy MacLean, ninth baronet.

SCOTCH TAPE
was developed at 3M company by Scottish an American William L McKnight, who joined the firms a bookkeeper and sold part of his shares for $50 Million in 1975. The McKnights are Americans of Scottish decent and still own millions of 3M shares.

SIMMONS BEAUTY REST MATTRESSES
Founded by Grand Simmons, an American of Scottish descent.

SINCLAIR ELECTRONICS
Clive Sinclair, an English entrepreneur of Scottish descent , built the first pocket calculator, designed the first pocket sized television set (6inm by 4 in by 1 in) and the first micro-computer to sell for less than 200.00$

SMITH BROS COUGH DROPS
William and Andrew registered their trademark in 1877. Their father was born in Scotland.

THOM MCAN SHOES
Originated by the Melville Shoe Corp., whose chairman, Ward Melville, had built the business to over a billion dollars by the time of his death in 1977. Melville was also the founded of Scottish Heritage USA known as “SHUSA”

UNEEDA BISCUIT
Robert Gair, a Scotsman from Brooklyn, developed the cutting and creasing die tool that made the mass production of folding cartons for the biscuits and many other products possible.