Important Dates in History


January

In 1599 the Privy Council, “understanding that in all utheris weill governit commoun welthis and countrey is the first day of the yeir begynnis yeirlie upoun the first day of Januare, commounlie callit new yeiris day…In 1599 the Privy Council resolved that in Scotland the New Year will begin on January 1, 1600. See Register of the Privy Council 17 December 1599 or Osborne & Armstrong: Scottish Dates. Birlinn1996.

Prior to that time the New Year officially started on March 25th (Lady Day). This change reflects the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar in different European countries from the 1580s.

1

1651, January 1st the coronation of Charles II took place at Scone. He was the last monarch to be crowned in Scotland. Charles was not restored to the throne until after Cromwell’s death in 1660

1854, 1 January – Scholar and anthropologist, Sir James George Frazer, born on this day in Glasgow. Educated in classical studies at Glasgow and Cambridge universities, he became a fellow at Cambridge in 1879.

1996, January 1, The Beatles 5 day tour of Scotland promoting their first single “Love Me Do” was cancelled due to bad weather.

2

1793, January 2nd Glasgow born Advocate Thomas Muir of Huntershill was arrested for sedition

1888, January 2, O H Mavor, known as James Bridie, born in Glasgow Manor, a physician and a creative playwright was born in Glasgow to Janet Osborn and Henry Mavor. In 1923 he married Rona Bremner and they had two sons. He died in Edinburgh of vascular disease on January 29, 1951.

3

1996, January 3, The Beatles planned opening of their 5 day tour of Scotland was cancelled on January 1st but The tour finally started on January 3rd with a concert at the Two Red Shoes Ballroom, in Elgin on this day in history.

4

1951, January 4, Edinburgh born Dr. George Cathcart died on this day. He initiated the ‘Proms’, an annual series of concerts.

8

1107, January 8th, King Edgar, fourth son of Malcolm Canmore died

25

1759, January 25 1759 – Robert Burns was born in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland on this day.

1817, January 25 – Founders of the “Scotsman” newspaper Charles MacLaren, William Ritchie and John MacDiarmid published the 1st edition of the paper

26

1861, January 26 1861 – “One o’clock gun” was fired for the first time from Edinburgh Castle.

1878, January 26 – Inventor of the bicycle, Kirkpatrick McMillan died on this day

29

1928, January 29 – Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of British forces 1915-18, founder of the British Legion, died.

30

1649, January 30 – King Charles I executed.

31

1761, January 31 – , “Father of Australia” Lachlan MacQuarie was born

2000, January 31, Cape Breton entertainer, song writer, singer, John Morris Rankin died in an automobile accident.

2004, January 31, Comedian and actor Rikki Fulton died this week at age 79

February

1

1919, 1 February, soldiers patrolled the streets of Glasgow on foot and in tanks as an aftermath of “Bloody Friday” when 20,000 strikers gathered in George Square. The Government were concerned that if the situation got worse Scots troops would join with the workers so no Scots troops were deployed. The strikers were asking for a a 40-hour week. When it ended, strikers in the shipbuilding industry negotiated a 47-hour week settlement.

2

St. Bridget’s Day – also known as: Imbolc Day, Oimelc Day, Candlemas Day & Groundhog Day

13

858, 13 February – Kenneth MacAlpin, The King of Dalriada and the Picts, died at Forteviot.

1462, 13 February The Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish between the Lord of the Isles and Edward IV, the King of England was signed.

1692, Feb. 13th is the anniversary of the Battle of Glencoe. Members of the MacDonald Clan; 2 children, 2 women, and 34 men were murdered by the Campbells. The Government ordered the killing after the clan chief unintentionally failed to sign allegiance to William 111. There is a haunting ballad ‘ the Battle of Glencoe’ written about this event.

14

1565, 14 February Mary Queen of Scots met Lord Darnley for the first time. They married in July 1565.

1565, 14 February Mary Queen of Scots met Lord Darnley for the first time. They married in July 1565.

1876, 14 February Alexander Graham Bell patented (Patent 174461) the telephone. Two hours after it was lodged, rival, Elisha Gray, applied for a similar patent. Bell’s was granted.

15

1971, Feb. 15th, The United Kingdom did away with the monetary system of pounds, shillings, & pence and embraced decimalization. Banks closed for four days prior to the official date of the15th while they changed all their systems and cleared cheques made out in what was now referred to as “old” money.

1848, 15 February The Caledonian Railway Company opened on this day in history.

16

1992, 16 February – Journalist and poet George Mann MacBeth (“A War Quartet”) died.

17

1540, 17 February, King James V passed a law which recognised Scotland’s gipsies.

1688, 17 February, James Renwick, last Covenanter to be executed.

March

1

1910, On March 1 Born today Scottish film actor and author David Niven

5

1323, 5 March King David II born.

1787, 5 March Deacon William Brodie executed for theft – on a grand scale.

1790, 5 March Flora Macdonald, who helped to save Prince Charles Edward Stewart during his flight after the defeat at the Battle of Culloden, died in Kingsburgh, Skye (in the same bed in which Bonnie Prince Charlie had slept during his escape).

1929, 5 March David Dunbar Buick, founder of the Buick Manufacturing Company which later became General Motors, died in Detroit. He was born in Arbroath in 1854.

6

1457, 6 MARCH, King James II in an Act of Parliament decreed that there should be regular target practice and military parades. He also decreed and that “football and golf be utterly cried down and not used” on this day in history

1923, 6 March BBC Scotland was founded.

8

1702, 8 March King William III died and Queen Anne daughter of King James VII , at the age of 37 acceded to the throne.

1859, 8 March Kenneth Grahame, author of “The Wind in the Willows” was born in Edinburgh on this day in history

1899, 8 March Novelist Eric Linklater, son of an Orkney master mariner, was born in Wales.

9

1566, 9 March David Rizzio, Mary Queen of Scots secretary, was murdered in the Palace of Holyrood by Ruthven.

1970, Mar. 9, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau opened the first Arctic Winter Games in Yellowknife, NWT

1776, 9 March Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations” was published

1895, March 9 Opera star, soprano Dame Isabella Baillie, was born in Hawick on this date.

10

March 10 – St Kessoc Day. St Kessoc was the patron saint of Scotland prior to the adoption of St Andrew

1615, 10 March, Banffshire-born Jesuit priest St John Ogilvie, the only Roman Catholic martyr in Scotland was hanged for refusing to renounce the supremacy of the Pope. He was canonized in 1976.

1748, 10 March John Playfair, clergyman, geologist, mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on this day in history.

1916, 10 March Author of “All Creatures Great and Small”, James Herriot was born on this day

11

1820, 11 March Sir Alexander Mackenzie (of Dunkeld), explorer of North America and in 1793 became the first white person north of Mexico to reach the Pacific by crossing overland died on this day in history.

1955, 11 March Discoverer of penicillin, Sir Alexander Fleming, died.

17

1473, 17 March – King James IV was born. He is recorded as being a well-educated intelligent man who spoke many languages. It is said he had a special interested in science and medicine. At the request of the French, he invaded Englandin 1513 at the Battle of Flodden where he died.

19

1286, 19 March King Alexander III died after crossing the river Forth to Fife at Queensferry.

1641, 19 March The Foundation stone of Hutchesons’ Grammar School, a residential school for the poor in Glasgow was laid by Thomas Hutcheson on this day in history.

1721, 19 March Novelist Tobias Smollett was born on this day. Books included “The Adventures of Roderick Random” and “The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker”.

1813 19 March David Livingstone, missionary and explorer, was born at Blantyre.

1938, 19 March 19 1938 – Rugby first appeared on British television – The game was England v Scotland at Twickenham in London.

20

1141, 20 March – King Malcolm IV was born on this day.

1780, 20 March The firm of James Watt and Co was established to manufacture the world’s first duplicating machines.

2003, March 20, Scottish born Charlie Douglas, WW2 Veteran did on this day at St. Ann’s Veterans Hospital in Montreal, Que.

21

1859, 21 March The National Gallery of Scotland opened in Edinburgh.

1993, 21 March Pope John Paul sanctifies philosopher, theologian John Duns Scotus,

22

1421, 22 March – Scottish and French troops under the command of the Earl ofBuchan defeated English forces at Baugé in Anjou, France.

1727, 22 March 22 1727 – First of a famous family of fiddle players and composers, Neil Gow was born at Strathearn, Ross & Cromarty.

1868, 22 March The Last fully public hanging in Scotland was that of Joseph Bell at Perth. On this day in history

23

1848, 23 March First Scottish settlers arrive Dunedin, New Zealand

24

1603, 24 March Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland on the death of Queen Elizabeth I and the succession of King James VI of Scotland.

25

1437, 25 March – The Coronation of King James II.

30

2002, March 30 – Queen Mother Elizabeth, wife of King George V, died on this day.

April

6

1944, On April 6 – Income Tax was introduced

1998, April 6 – the US Senate approved the Celebration of Tartan Day

9

1139, April 9 The Second Treaty of Durham. King Stephen of England recognizes David I as King of an independent Scotland

1747 April 9 – Lord Lovat was beheaded for high treason on Tower Hill.

10

1988, April 10 – Sandy Lyle become the first Scottish golfer to win the US Masters tournament.

11

1700, April 11 – The Scottish settlement in Darien, Panama, was abandoned.

1839 April 11- Author John Galt, founder of Guelph, Ontario, died.

12

1601, April 12 – The Union flag was adopted as the flag of England, Scotland and Wales.

1928 April 12 – Madeleine Smith, tried and found “not guilty” of murder in 1857 died in New York, USA

1913, April 12 – Flyweight boxing champion Benny Lynch was born.

13

1951 April 13 – The Stone of Destiny, removed On December 25, 1950 by Scottish nationalists was found at Arbroath Abbey and returned to Westminster Abbey on this date in history.

14

1582 April 14 – The University of Edinburgh was founded.

1736 April 14 – “Porteous Riots” take place in Edinburgh after a smuggler was hung by the City Guard led by Captain Porteous.

15

1799, April 15 – Chemist, researcher, and teacher Prof Joseph Black, who was first to identify carbon dioxide, died.

16

1746, April 16 – Charles Edward Stewart was defeated at the Battle of Culloden

1953 April 16 – The Royal yacht “Britannia” was launched at John Brown’s shipyard, Clydebank.

17

1341, April 17 – Edinburgh Castle was captured from the English.

1766, April 17 – James Craig’s plan for development of Edinburgh’s New Town was approved.

1895, April 17 – Scotland’s first cremation took place at Glasgow’s Western Necropolis.

18

1874, April 18 – The Remains of David Livingstone interred in Westminster Abbey.

19

1390, April 19 – Robert II, grandson of Robert the Bruce, died at Dundonald Castle.

1825, April 19 – Lord Robert Byron died at Missolinghi, Greece.

1905, April 19 – Birth date of Aviator Jim Mollinson born in Glasgow.

20

1934, April 20 – The Amalgamation of the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party formed the Scottish National Party on this day in history.

1994 April 20 – Sir Walter Scott’s home at Abbotsford was raided and valuables stolen.

21

1703, April 21 – Edinburgh Fire Brigade was formed.

22

1838, April 22 – The first ship to cross the Atlantic entirely under steam, 703-ton Sirius, built in Leith reached New York, carrying 90 passangers on this day in history.

23

1124, April 23 – King Alexander I died at Stirling Castle.

1661, April 23 – Charles II crowned at Westminster Abbey.

1945, April 23 – Blackout restrictions lifted as World War II comes to an end.

1968, April 23 – The new 5p and 10p decimal coins used as one shilling and two shilling coins were introduced in expectation of decimalization

24

1558, April 24 – Mary, Queen of Scots, married 14 year old French Dauphin, Francis Valois at Notre Dame in Paris.

1567, April 24 – “Forms of Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments and Catechism of the Christian Faith,” translated from English into Gaelic by Bishop John Carsewell of the Isles was printed. It was the first printed book ever published in Gaelic.

1633, April 24 – The Privy Council issued a warrant to Sir John Hepburn to raise a regiment of 1,200 men to fight in the French service. The corps later became the First Regiment of Foot, The Royal Scots.

1825, April 24 – Novelist R M Ballantyne, best known for “The Coral Island,” was born in Edinburgh.

1949, April 24 – Chocolate and sweets rationed at the start of World War 11 were no in affect. Demand was so great that it had to be re-introduced.

25

1058, April 25 – Malcolm III of Canmore was crowned.

2001, April 25 – Bathgate’s Motorola factory closed leaving 3,100 people jobless.

26

1711, April 26 – Philosopher David Hume born.

May

1

Beltane’s Day. An ancient fire festival celebrating the beginning of summer.

1522, May 1 – England declared war on Scotland and France.

1707, May 1 – The Act of Union of English and Scottish parliaments was proclaimed.

1873, May 1 – Explorer Missionary David Livingstone died on this day.

1966, May 1 – First civil aircraft landed at Glasgow airport at Abbotsinch, a Royal Naval Air Station formerly HMS Sanderling,. (a Handley-Page Herald which had left Renfrew airport six minutes earlier)

2

1316 May 2 – Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert the Bruce, was crowned High King of All Ireland on this day.

1424 May 2- King James I was crowned at Scone.

1568 May 2 – Mary Queen of Scots escaped from Loch Leven castle on this day.

1901 May 2 – Glasgow International Exhibition in Kelvingrove opened on this day.

1963 May 2 – Rootes car factory making the Hillman Imp opened at Linwood.

3

1557 May 3 – John Knox began the Reformation in Scotland.

1926 May 3 – the first General Strike in British history began at midnight on this date. It lasted until 12 May.

4

1645 May 4 , Marquis of Montrose was victorious at the Battle of Auldearn.

1949 May 4 – Twelve girls died in a fire at Grafton’s fashion store in Glasgow.

5

1646 May 5, King Charles I surrenders to Lord Leven and was later passed to the Parliamentary forces.

6

1870, May 6, Sir James Young Simpson advocate of chloroform, died.

1941, May 6, was the final major bombing attack on the Clyde area by the Luftwaffe; Greenock was badly hit with 280 dead.

May 6 1959, during the “Cod War” Icelandic gunboats fired live rounds at British fishing trawlers, many of them from Scottish ports, over fishing rights.

7

1544, May 7, The “Rough Wooing ” On behalf of Henry VIII the Earl of Hereford invaded Scotland in an attempt to force the Scots to agree to the marriage of Mary Queen of Scots to Henry’s son, Edward.

1890 May 7 – Engineer and inventor of the steam hammer James Naysmith died on this day in history.

8

May 8 1701 – Scottish-born pirate “Captain” William Kidd was tried for piracy at London’s Old Bailey. He was hanged on 23 May.

9

May 9 1170 – Arbroath Abbey was dedicated to St Thomas à Becket.

May 9 1860 – J M Barrie, author of “Peter Pan” was born

May 9 1918 – John MacLean, socialist revolutionary, first Soviet Consul in Britain 1917, honorary president of the first Congress of Soviets, was tried in the High Court for sedition.

May 9 1957 – A fire at Bell’s Brae, Edinburgh, destroyed the premises of one of Britain’s largest theatrical costumiers destroying approximately 90,000 costumes

10

1307, May 10 – Battle of Loudon Hill, near Darvel. King Robert I defeated English forces

1809. May 10 – Andrew Bell, co-founder of Encyclopaedia Britannica died.

1810, May 10 Rev Henry Duncan opened the world’s first savings bank in Ruthwell, near Dumfries.

1850, May 10, Founder of the Lipton grocery chain, Millionaire (by age 30)Sir Thomas Lipton was born in Glasgow on this day.

1941. May 10 – Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess, descended by parachute into Scotland at Eaglesham.

1967, May 10 Alcoholic Breath tests for motorists was introduced under the Road Safety Act.

12

563, May 12 – The community of Iona was founded by Colum Cille (St Columba) from Ireland.

1725, May 12 – The Black Watch regiment was commissioned under General Wade to police the Highlands.

13

1568, May 13 Mary, Queen of Scots, defeated at Battle of Langside.

2000, May 13 – Donald Dewar elected as First Minister of the new Scottish Parliament.

14

1754, May 14 – St Andrews Society of Golfers constituted. In 1834 it became the Royal and Ancient Golf Club.

1771, May 14 – Industrialist and social reformer Robert Owen was born.

15

1567, May 15 at 4 am – Mary, Queen of Scots, married Earl of Bothwell

1887 May 15 – Poet and critic Edwin Muir was born.

16

1763, May 16 – Biographer James Boswell met Samuel Johnson for the first time.

1791, May 16 – James Boswell’s book “Life of Johnson” was published.

1975, May 16 – Scotland’s Local Government Act (1974) came into force and 430 local authorities were replaced by nine regional, 53 district and three islands councils.

1990, May 16 – British Steel announced the closure of the hot strip mill at Ravenscraig 770 people lost their jobs.

17

1532, May 17 – King James IV recognized paid judges to sit as the Court of Session, in the highest civil court in Scotland.

1870, May 17 – David Octavius Hill, painter, pioneer photographer, died

18

1313, May 18 – Robert the Bruce invaded the Isle of Man.

1843, May 18 – Saw the break up of Church of Scotland and formation of Free Church of Scotland.

19

1795, May 19 – James Boswell, biographer of Dr Johnston died in Auchinleck

20

685, May 20 – Battle of Dunnichen (also known as Nechtansmere), south of Forfar in Angus, as a result the Picts stopped the advance northwards of the Angles of Northumbria.

1303, May 20 – France and England make peace. Together they sent forces to attack Scotland.

21

1650, May 21 – James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, was executed at Mercat Cross, in Edinburgh.

1983, May 21- TSB Bank Scotland (now Lloyds TSB Scotland) was formed.

22

1611, May 22 – King James VI introduced the title “baronet” the lowest hereditary titled order.

1859, May 22 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of Sherlock Holmes, was on this dayborn of Irish parents in Edinburgh.

1915 May 22 – Britain’s worst train disaster happened near Gretna Green at Quintinshill with a loss of 227 lives. A troop train carrying the Seventh Royal Scots Regiment hit a stationary train and the night express from London then hit the wreckage. Two signalmen were later jailed.

23

1867 May 23 – Historian Archibald Alison died on this day in history.

24

1153, May 24 – King David I died at Carlisle and Malcolm IV was crowned at Scone.

1819, May 24 – The future Queen Victoria was born.

1852 May 24 – Robert Cunningham Graham son of a Scottish laird, was born on this day I history. He organized the Scottish Labor Party with Kier Hardie, wrote over 30 travel books and was elected first president of the Scottish National Party

1916, May 24 – Conscription to the armed forces began for the first time.

1928, May 24 – Actor, comedian Stanley Baxter born.

1972 May 24 – The Rangers won the European Cup Winners Cup in Barcelona.

25

1726, May 25 – First circulating library opened in Edinburgh.

1713, May 25 – John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Britain’s first Scottish Prime Minister, born.

1967, May 25 – Celtic Football Club won European Cup.

1971 May 25 – Invergordon aluminium works starts production.

26

1424 May 26 – The parliament convened by King James I approved the arrest of a number of the Scottish nobility – and also banned the playing of football.

1950 May 26 – Petrol rationing, introduced during WW2, was ended.

1995 May 26 – In the opening game of the Rugby World Cup program, Scotland defeated Ivory Coast 89-0. Skipper Gavin Hastings scored a world record 44 points.

27

1936, May 27 – The Liner Queen Mary’s Maiden voyage

28

1503, May 28 – Papal Bill signed by Pope Alexander VI confirming the marriage of King James IV and Margaret Tudor and the “Treaty of Everlasting Peace” between Scotland and England.

1841, May 28 – Seven church ministers of the Presbytery of Strathbogie were removed from their posts by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for obeying civil rather than ecclesiastical law.

1908, May 28 – Ian Fleming, creator of James Bond, born.

1887 May 28 – 73 miners were killed in a firedamp explosion at Udston Colliery, Lanarkshire.

29

1630, May 29 – King Charles II born.

1660, May 29 – King Charles II returned to England.

May 29th, Royal Oak Day.

1687, May 29 – Order of the Thistle founded by King James VII.

30

1291, May 30 – Claimants to the Scottish throne met King Edward I of England at Norham on Tweed to resolve succession.

1546, May 30 – David Beaton, Archbishop of St Andrews, assassinated.

1847, May 30- Death of Thomas Chalmers, first Moderator of the Free Church of Scotland

31

1366, May 31- King Robert II married Annabel Drummond.

1727, May 31 – The Royal Bank of Scotland was formed from a company of debenture holders.

1962, May 31- Gaumont cinema in Edinburgh was destroyed by fire.

June

1843, June 1- Dr Henry Faulds, who established the uniqueness of fingerprints, was born in Beith, Ayrshire.

1878, June 1 – First Tay rail bridge opened. It collapse 18 months later in the Tay Bridge Disaster.

1982, June 1 – Pope John Paul II visited Glasgow. June 2 1398, June 2 – Prince Henry St Clair (Sinclair) who set sail from Orkney landed in Nova Scotia.

1581, June 2 – James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, accused of the murder of Lord Darnley was beheaded in Edinburgh Grassmarket.

1994, June 2 – 25 top intelligence officers and the crew of four were killed when a Chinook helicopter in which they were traveling from Northern Ireland crashed into a hillside on the Mull of Kintyre. June 3 1726, June 3 – James Hutton, founder of modern geology, was born.

1774, June 3 – Poet Robert Tannahill born in Paisley.

1931, June 3 – – The company formed by John Logie Baird televised the Epsom Derby which was then transmitted by the BBC. June 4 1977, June 4 – Damage estimated to cost £15,000 caused by fans who dug up the pitch at Wembley after Scotland defeated England 2-1.

1832, June 4 – Great Reform Bill, which disenfranchised rotten burghs, came into force.

1592, June 5 – An Act of the Scottish Parliament came into force creating the best regulated system of armorial bearings in Europe.

1723, June 5 – Author Adam Smith was born Kirkcaldy.

1868, June 5 – Irish revolutionary James Connolly was born in Edinburgh.

1975, June 5 – Referendum held on British Membership of the European Community. In Scotland the vote was “Yes” 1,332,286; “No” 948,039. Shetland and Western Isles had majorities against.

1560, June 6 – Treaty of Edinburgh between France and England, recognized the sovereignty of Mary Queen of Scots and her first husband Francis II.

1329, June 7 – A little short of his fifty-fifth birthday, Robert the Bruce, King of Scots, died at Cardross Castle. His heart was removed and given to Sir James Douglas, and his body carried in a funeral procession to Dunfermline Abby and buried there.

1811, June 7 – Sir James Young Simpson, pioneer of anesthetics and chloroform, born.

1333, June 8 – King Edward III ordered the capture of the Isle of Man from the Scots.

1772, June 8 – Robert Stevenson, the engineer who constructed 18 lighthouses around Scotland, was born in Glasgow.

1597, June 9 – St Columba died.

1942, June 9 – First US troops (over 10,000 men) disembark from The Queen Mary on the River Clyde.

1560, June 10, – Marie of Guise Widow of King James V and Queen Regent of Scotland, died.

1688, June 10 – James Francis Stuart born. In Jacobite circles in honour of the “Old Pretender”, it is known as “White Rose Day” 1727, June 10 – Death of King George I & accession of George II.

1768, June 10 – Construction of the Forth and Clyde canal started. It took 22 years to complete.

1858, On June 10 the eminent Scottish botanist, Robert Brown, died.

1939, June 10 – Sir Jackie Stewart, three-times world motor racing champion, born in Dunbartonshire. June 11 1488, June 11 – Battle of Sauchieburn during which King James III died attempting to subdue a group of rebel barons.

1930, June 11 – Empress of Britain launched from Clydebank.

1939, June 11, Formula One champion, Jackie Stewart, was born in Dunbartonshire June 12 1298, June 12 – William Wallace routs English at the Battle of Black Ironside. June 13 1819, June 13 – The Strathnaver Clearances began on the Sutherland estates – families were given 30 minutes to remove their belongings before their cottages were set on fire.

1831, June 13 – Birth of James Clerk Maxwell, first Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge University, he created electromagnetic theory of light.

1975, June 13 – Rate of price inflation reached 25% in the UK. June 14 1940, June 14 – Queen Mary, Aquitania, Empress of Canada, and Empress of Britain arrive in the River Clyde with the first contingent of Australian and New Zealand troops.

1946, June 14 – John Logie Baird, inventor of the first television, died.

1966. June 14 – Walter McGowan wins World Fly-weight Championship. June 15 1945, June 15 1945 – Liner Queen Mary leaves Greenock, taking nearly 15,000 GI’s home to US. June 16 1338, 16 June – Siege of Dunbar Castle by the English was raised. June 17 1390, June 17 – Wolf of Badenoch burns the Elgin Cathedral.

1617, June 17 – Articles of religion, introducing Anglican principles into Scottish worship, endorsed by Scottish parliament.

1652, June 17 – Great Fire of Glasgow, destroying nearly one third of the city.

1823, June 17 – Charles Macintosh patented the waterproof cloth he was using to make raincoats. June 18 1746, June 18 – Flora MacDonald met Prince Charles Edward Stuart and persuaded him to wear women’s clothes as part of the escape plan from the Outer Hebrides to Skye.

1815, June 18 – Ensign Ewart captured the French Ensign at the Battle of Waterloo. JUNE 19 1306, June 19 – Army of King Robert the Bruce routed at Methven.

1566, June 19 – Mary Queen of Scots gives birth to the future King James VI of Scotland and I of England.

1633, June 19 – Coronation of King Charles I at Holyrood.

1660, June 19 – “Day of Public Thanksgiving” on Restoration of Charles II as king.

1861, June 19 – Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of British forces 1915-18, founder of British Legion, born.

1917, June 19 – Parliament voted by a majority of 330 to give votes to women over 30 for the first time.

1937, June 19 – Sir J M Barrie, author of “Peter Pan” died. June 20 1887, June 20 – New Tay rail bridge opened, the longest in Britain at that time. June 21 1791, June 21 – Robert Napier, regarded as the “father of Clyde shipbuilding” was born. He died on 23 June, 1876.

1796, June 21 – Scottish explorer Mungo Park reached the source of the river Niger in Africa.

1919, June 21 – German fleet scuttled in Scapa Flow. June 22 1679, June 22 – Duke of Monmouth subdued Covenanters at Bothwell Bridge.

1725, June 22 – Malt Riots, Glasgow – against higher taxes imposed on Scottish malt. June 23 1650, June 23 – Charles II sailed into the estuary of the river Spey and signed the Covenant before going ashore.

1823, June 23 – George and Robert Stephenson open their locomotive foundry in Newcastle upon Tyne.

1832, June 23 – Sir James Hall, Scottish geologist, died. Founder of geochemistry, Hall demonstrated that if igneous rocks are allowed to cool slowly, they form crystalline rather than glassy rock. He also showed that limestone, when heated under pressure, does not decompose but becomes marble.

1927, June 23 – Singer Kenneth McKellar born.

1952, June 23 – Salvador Dali’s painting “Christ of St John of the Cross” went on display in Glasgow’s Kelvingrove Art Gallery. There was a public outcry when the city’s entire annual purchasing budget (all £8,200 or US$13,000) was used to obtain the painting.

1971, June 23- Mass protest in West of Scotland against closure of John Brown’s shipyard. June 24 1314, June 24, The Scottish army, under Robert I, defeated a far larger English army at the Battle of Bannockburn. Bruce had chosen his ground carefully, and won a tremendous victory over the vast English army.

1886, June 24 – Crofters’ Holding Act passed providing limited security June 25 1876, June 25 – Seven Scots, including John Stuart Forbes, were in the US 7th Cavalry with General Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

1887, June 25- Wallace statue unveiled at the Wallace National Monument, Stirling.

1936, June 25, saw the birth of Roy Williamson, Scottish folk musician and songwriter. A founder member of the folk group, ‘The Corries’, for whom he wrote the song which has since become Scotland’s unofficial National Anthem, ‘Flower of Scotland’.

1971, June 25 – Lord Boyd Orr, biologist and Nobel Prize Winner, died. June 26 1488, June 26 – James IV crowned king at the age of 15 at Scone. He reigned until 1513 when he fell with the flower of Scotland’s nobility at the Battle of Flodden Field.

1695, June 26 – Darien Company formed to set up a Scottish colony in Panama.

1824, June 26 saw the birth of William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, eminent Scottish physicist. He devised the Kelvin, or Absolute, scale of temperature. Thomson brought together disparate areas of physics – heat, thermodynamics, mechanics, hydrodynamics, magnetism, and electricity – and thus played a principal role in the final synthesis of 19th-century science.

1830, June 26 – King George IV died, aged 67 (and William IV ascended the throne). June 27 1583, June 27 – James VI (aged 8) escaped from Castle Ruthven. June 28 1838, June 28 – Queen Victoria crowned at Westminster Abbey.

July

1501, July 1 – Seal granted by Edinburgh Town Council to the Incorporation of Barbers and Surgeons to practice their craft. The organization is now known as the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.

1543, July 1 – Treaty of Greenwich, between Henry VIII and Earl of Arran, Regent of Scotland, agreeing betrothal of Mary Queen of Scots (aged 6 months) and Edward Prince of Wales (aged 6 years). The treaty was repudiated by the Scots Parliament.

1782, July 1 – Proscription Act Repealed, thus allowing again the wearing of tartan and the carrying of weapons (banned as a result of the 1745 Uprising in support of Bonnie Prince Charlie).

1815, July 1 – Union Bank of Scotland opened.

1836, July 1- North of Scotland Bank founded in Aberdeen. It is now part of the Clydesdale Bank.

1937, July 1 – The 999 emergency telephone service for police, fire, ambulance and coastguards came into operation.

1940, July 1 – Birth of Craig Brown, former manager of the Scotland football (soccer) team.

1999, July 1 – The Queen officially opened the new Scottish Parliament in its temporary home in the Assembly Hall on The Mound, Edinburgh. July 2 1266, July 2 – Treaty of Perth, Norway renounces claim on the Hebrides.

1644, July 2 – Scots forces under David Leslie helped in the victory of the Parliamentary forces over the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor.

1903, July 2 – Birth of Lord Home of the Hirsel, who later became Foreign Secretary and UK Prime Minister.

1971, July 2- Erskine Bridge over the River Clyde opened. JULY 3 1582, July 3 – James Crichton of Eliock, the original “Admirable Crichton”, died in a brawl in Mantua. Soldier, scholar, poet and athlete, he was a graduate of St Andrews University and a tutor of King James VI.

1728, July 3 – Architect Robert Adam born in Kirkcaldy.

1883, July 3 – 124 people drowned when Steamer “Daphne” sank during its launch on river Clyde.

1928, July 3 – John Logie Baird transmitted first colour television.

1954, July 3 – Food rationing officially ended. JULY 5 1746, July 5 – British Linen Company(later Bank) received its Charter. Now part of Bank of Scotland. July 5 1847 – Final run of the Edinburgh to London mail coach (trains had taken over).

1940, July 5 – A convoy of gold bullion worth 1,800 million pounds sails from the River Clyde for safe keeping in the US. JULY 6 1747, July 6 – John Paul Jones, hero of the US Navy, born Kirkbean, Dumfries.

1875, July 6 – Institute of Bankers in Scotland formed, the first professional association of bankers in the world.

1919, July 6 – Airship R34, constructed by Glasgow’s Beardmore Engineering Co., landed Long Island, USA after the first Trans-Atlantic airship flight – from East Fortune, East Lothian. It took 108 hours.

1988, July 6 – Explosion aboard North Sea oil rig Piper Alpha, 167 lives lost. July 7 1548, July 7 – Treaty of Haddington, between France and Scotland, confirming the betrothal of Mary Queen of Scots and Dauphin of France.6 – Explosion aboard North Sea oil rig Piper Alpha, 167 lives lost.

1925, July 7 – Original Kelvin Hall exhibition building in Glasgow, destroyed by fire.

1930, July 7 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle author of the Sherlock Holmes detective stories, died. July 8 1249, July 8 – King Alexander II died on Isle of Kerrara, Oban Bay.

1296, July 8 – King John Balliol abdicated at Montrose.

1822, July 8 – Sir Henry Raeburn, portrait painter, died. July 9 1867, July 9 – Queen’s Park Football Club, first senior football (soccer) club in Scotland formed.

1938, July 9 – Gas masks issued to the civilian population in anticipation of the Second World War. July 10 1451, July 10 – King James III born at Stirling.

1576, July 10 – First Bible (New Testament) printed in Scotland by Bassandyne.

1633, July 10 – Sailing ship “Blessing of Burntisland” carrying gold, jeweled and silver plate belonging to King Charles I, sank in the Firth of Forth. July 11 1274, July 11 – Robert the Bruce born at Turnberry Castle.

1924, July 11 – Eric Liddell (later famous as a result of the film “Chariots of Fire”) won Olympic 400 meters sprint in Paris. July 12 1690, July 12 – William III defeated James VII in the Battle of the Boyne, Ireland.

1698, July 12 – Darien expedition left Leith July 13 1174, July 13 – King William surprised and captured by the English at Alnwick.

1249, July 13 – King Alexander III crowned at Scone

1469, July 13 – King James III married Margaret of Denmark July 14 1798, July 14 – United States’ Consulate first opened in Edinburgh.

1927, July 14 – Scottish National War Memorial opened at Edinburgh Castle July 15 1889, July 15 – National Portrait Gallery for Scotland opened in Edinburgh.

1914, July 15 – Gavin Maxwell, author of “Ring of Brightwater” born. July 16 1309, July 16 – James Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, died.

1328, July 16- David II, son of Robert I (the Bruce) married Joan, sister of Edward III (he was 4, she was 7).

1832, July 16 – 31 Shetland boats (known as “sixerns”) sank in a storm with the loss of 105 crewmen. The event is still recalled as “The Bad Day”.

1970, July 16 – Commonwealth Games opened in Edinburgh July 17 1790, July 17 – Adam Smith, author of “Wealth of Nations” died.

1695, July 17 – Bank of Scotland, first bank to be established by an Act of the Scottish Parliament, opened. July 18 1290, July 18 – Treaty of Birgham whereby Edward I guaranteed survival of Scotland “separate, apart and free without subjection to the English nation”. By the end of the decade he had invaded and subjugated Scotland.

1792, July 18 – John Paul Jones, naval hero of the American Revolution, was born in Kircudbrightshire in 1747 and died on this day in history.

1872 July 18 – Voting by secret ballot was introduced for the first time.

1999 July 18 1999 – Paul Lawrie after a three-way play-off against Jean van de Veldt of France and Justin Leonard of the US won the Open Golf Championship at Carnoustie July 19 1333, July 19 – The Battle of Halidon Hill. Sir Archibald Douglas, guardian of David II routed by Edward Balliol and Edward III. Scots losses were nearly 600, English losses 14.

1896, July 19 – Novelist A J Cronin born at Cardross, Dunbartonshire. July 20 1651, July 20 – Battle of Inverkeithing. Royalist force supporting Charles II failed to halt advance of army of Oliver Cromwell heading for Perth. July 21 Q1796, July 21 – Robert Burns dies in Dumfries, aged 37.

1985, July 21 – Sandy Lyle won Open Golf Championship. July 22 1298, July 22 – The army of the English King Edward I, using longbows for the first time, defeated the Scots led by Sir William Wallace at Battle of Falkirk.

1793, July 22 – Alexander Mackenzie completed the first overland crossing of North America.

1913, July 22 – Edinburgh Zoo opened for the first time. July 23 1745, July 23 – Charles Edward Stuart landed on Eriskay at the start of the 1745 campaign.

1637, July 23 – Presbyterian riot in St Giles during which Jenny Geddes shouted “Don’t thou say Mass in ma lug” and threw her chair at the pulpit.

1886, July 23 – Birth in Glasgow of Arthur Whitten Brown (late Sir Arthur), companion of Alcock on the first west to east crossing of the Atlantic. July 24 1411, July 24 – Battle of Harlaw Hill, one of the bloodiest battles on Scottish soil. Donald, Lord of the Isles and a force of Highlanders met an army from the north-east led by the Earl of Mar. After a long battle, both sides thought they had lost – and the descendants of both sides thought they had won.

1567, July 24 – Mary Queen of Scots abdicated and the young James VI acceded to Scottish throne. The Earl of Mar was appointed regent.

2002, July 24 – The Princess Royal formally opened the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, Scotland’s first national park. July 25 1394, July 25 – King James I born.

1843, July 25 – Charles Mackintosh, inventor of rubberized raincoats, died.

1948, July 25 – Bread rationing ends in Britain.

1980, July 25 – Alan Wells won Olympic 100 meters sprint. July 27 1689, July 27 – Battle of Killiecrankie in which Graham of Claverhouse (Bonnie Dundee) leading an army of Highlanders in support of the Jacobite cause, defeated King William’s army under General Hugh Mackay. July 28 1567, July 28 – Coronation of King James VI, in Stirling. July 29 1565, July 29 – Mary, Queen of Scots, married Lord Darnley.

1567, July 29 – King James VI (aged 13 months) crowned at Stirling Castle, following the abdication of Mary, Queen of Scots, five days earlier.

1938, July 29 – First edition of the long-running “Beano” comic was published.

1971, July 29 – A work-in began at John Brown’s Clydebank shipyard led by activist Jimmy Reid. It led to the formation of Govan Shipbuilders which was later taken over by Marathon Manufacturing. July 31 1786, July 31 – “Kilmarnock Edition” of the poems of Robert Burns “Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect” first published.

1845, July 31- Caledonian Railway Company authorised to commence business.

1965, July 31 – Cigarette advertising banned on television in Britain.

August

1714, August 1 – Death of Queen Anne; George I, Elector of Hanover, becomes king.

1747, August 1 – Proscription Act introduced, banning tartan and the carrying of weapons.

1967, August 1 – University of Dundee which was incorporated into the University of St Andrews in 1890, constituted as a separate university. August 2 1894, August 2 – Death duties introduced for the first time in Britain.

1922, August 2 – Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, died in Nova Scotia. August 3 1460 August 3 – King James II killed by an exploding cannon at the siege of Roxburgh Castle.

1573, August 3 – Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange executed, after defending Edinburgh Castle on behalf of Mary Queen of Scots from May 1568 to May 1573.

1870, August 4 – Birth of the entertainer Sir Harry Lauder.

1870, August 4 – Birth of the entertainer Sir Harry Lauder.

1900, August 4 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the future Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, born.

1305, August 5 – William Wallace betrayed and captured by the English.

1388, August 5 – James, Earl Douglas, died out of sight of his army, in a bush, at Battle of Otterburn in which Scots defeat Henry Percy, (Hotspur).

1704, August 5 – Act of Security passed by the Scottish Parliament. This allowed Scotland to choose a successor to Queen Anne, other than the one elected by the English Parliament, if Scottish conditions were not met. This precipitated the demands in London for an Act of Union of the two parliaments.

1678, August 6 – First Glasgow/Edinburgh coach service began from White Horse Inn, Edinburgh

1881, August 6 – Birth of Sir Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin.

1296, August 8 – King Edward I removed to England the Stone of Destiny on which generations of Scottish kings had been crowned.

1503, August 8 – King James IV married Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England. The marriage was known as the Union of the Thistle and the Rose.

1946, August 8 – Former World flyweight boxing champion Benny Lynch died.

1757, August 9 – Civil engineer Thomas Telford born.

460, August 10 – King James III was crowned at Kelso Abbey.

1624, August 10 – Death of, calligrapher and miniaturist Esther Inglis.

1872, August 10 – Education (Scotland) Act passed, providing elementary education for all children.

1306, August 11 – Robert I, attacked and defeated John MacDougall of Lorne, kinsman of John Comyn at the Battle of Dalry on this day in 1306.

1560, August 11 – Parliament prohibited the celebration of Latin Mass in Scotland as the Protestant faith gained control.

1892, August 11 1892 – Born on this day: Author and poet C M Grieve (Hugh MacDiarmid) at Langholm, Dumfriesshire.

1332, August 12 – The Battle of Dupplin near Perth. Edward Balliol defeated the Regent, Earl of Mar

1922, August 12 – actor Fulton McKay was born.

1888, August 13 – Birth of John Logie Baird, developer of television.

1040, August 14 – in battle at Pitgavney King Duncan I was killed by Macbeth.

1337, August 14 – King Robert III was born at Scone.

1390, August 14 – Coronation of King Robert III at the Augustinian abbey of Scone.

1827, August 14 – Foundation laid of George IV Bridge, Edinburgh. It was not completed until 1836 due to lack of funds.

1964, August 14 – University of Strathclyde based on the Royal College of Science and Technology was constituted in Glasgow.

1057, August 15 – Macbeth killed in battle by Malcolm at Lumphanan.

1771, August 15 – Novelist and poet Sir Walter Scott born. 1840, August 15 – Foundation stone for the Monument to Sir Walter Scott laid in Princes Street Gardens.

1856, August 15 – Birth at Holytown of John Keir Hardie, coal miner and founder of the Labour Party.

1766 August 16 – Carolina Oliphant (Lady Nairne), poet and author was born on this day. She was the author of many Jacobite songs. One very popular one is “Charlie is my Darling”.

1822 August 17 – Visit arranged by Sir Walter Scott of George IV to Edinburgh began

1947 August 17 – Edinburgh’s First International Festival opened on this day.

1966 August 18 – Tay Road Bridge opened.

1561 August 19 – Following the death of her husband, King Francis, Mary Queen of Scots lands in Leith on her return from France

1745 – commencing the ’45 uprising, Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard at Glenfinnan

1897 August 20 – Ronald Ross dissected a mosquito and recognized the link with malaria.

1689 August 21 – The Battle of Dunkeld: the newly formed Cameronians defended the town against 3,000 Highlanders.

1754 August 21 – The birth date of William Murdoch. He, with James Watt & Mathew Boulton, in 1792 establish the use of coal-gas lighting

1937 August 21 Donald Dewar, Scotland’s former Secretary of State and First Minister in the new Scottish Parliament was born.

1138 August 22 – Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in which King David I was defeated by the English.

1282 August 22 – The Countess of Galloway founded Balliol College, Oxford. She was the mother of John Balliol who in 1292 acceded to the Scottish throne

1567 August 22 – Earl of Moray James Stewart, half-brother of Mary Queen of Scots, was proclaimed Regent of Scotland.

1582 August 22 – “Ruthven Raid” James VI was abducted by the Earls of Mar and Gowrie and taken to the Castle of Ruthven

1642 August 22 – King Charles I raised his standard at Nottingham, initiating a Civil War in England between the Royalists (also known asCavaliers) and Parliament (Roundheads).

1305 August 23 – William Wallace was executed on this day.

September

2000, September, PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA, PIERRE ELLIOTT TRUDEAU, BORN TO A SCOTTISH MOTHER DIED ON THIS DAY.

1650, September 3. The Battle of Dunbar was fought between England led by Oliver Cromwell and lowland Scots led by David Leslie. The Scots army was riddled with dispute and was suffering from loss of all their best soldiers by overzealous Covenanting ministers. Motivated to attack rather than trying to starve Cromwell into submission, Leslie’s 20,000 men were routed by Cromwell’s more disciplined and better-led army. The Scots suffered about 3,000 casualies and another 10,000 were taken prisoner. Many of those who were taken prisoner were forced into labor in England or deported to the American colonies and the West Indies. English losses were minimal and Cromwell was established in Edinburgh by the end of the year.

1651, 3 September The Battle of Worcester. It was the last of the English civil wars, fought between an invading Scottish army commanded by King Charles II and an English army, including militia, under Oliver Cromwell. 6 September 1876, 6 September – Birth of John James Richard MacLeod, physiologist and discoverer of Insulin, near Dunkeld, Perthshire

1836, 7 September – Birth of British Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, at Glasgow, a son of draper Sir James Campbell. Henry added Bannerman to his name in compliance with the will of a maternal uncle who left him a large inheritance.

1842 September 7 – Queen Victoria’s first visit to Edinburgh.

1513, 9 September, The Battle of Flodden was a demoralizing defeat for Scotland, fought in northern England near Branxton, in the English county of Northumberland.

1513 9 September – James IV and the flower of Scotland’s nobility were killed in battle at Flodden Field 1543 – Mary Queen of Scots crowned at Stirling Castle.

1935 9 September – Benny Lynch won the World Flyweight boxing title, defeating Jackie Brown in 2 rounds.

1963 9 september – Jim Clark became the world’s youngest F1 motor racing champion.

1978 9 September – Poet and Nationalist C M Grieve (Hugh MacDiarmid) died.

1547, September 10- English defeated Scots at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, near Edinburgh. It is estimated that 15,000 Scots were killed, 1500 captured and English losses amounted to no more than 500.

1771, September 10 – Birth of Mungo Park at Foulshiels, near Selkirk. He was an explorer and a doctor who charted the course of the River Niger.

1897, September 10 – HRH Duke of York opened the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow

1297, September 11, The Battle of the Stirling Bridge, a great Scottish victory against English invaders, was fought on the River Forth near the Abbey Craig. Wallace defeats Edward I.

1700 September 11 – Born on this dayJames Thomson, Scots author of “Rule Britannia”.

1997, September 11, On the seven hundredth anniversary of the victory of William Wallace over the English at Stirling Bridge, Scots voting in a national referendum approved the devolution of power from London and the re-establishment of the Scottish Parliament defunct since

1707 September 12 – Government forces at Battle of Sheriffmuir were defeated by the Jacobites.

1315 September 12 – Thomas Dun, a privateer from Scotland, sailed into Holyhead, captured an English ship and over-ran Anglesay.

1644, September 13 – Battle of Aberdeen: the Marquis of Montrose captured the city.

1645 September 13 – Covenanters led by David Leslie defeated Royalist troops under the Marquis of Montrose at the Battle of Philiphaugh.

1913 September 13 – Sir Robert Lorimer, architect and supporter of the Scottish dialect Revival, died.

1938 September 13 – politician and leader of the Labour Party, John Smith, was born on this day.

1402, September 14 – Scots led by 4th Earl of Douglas was defeated at the Battle of Homildon Hill by English army led by Percy ‘Hotspur’.

1507, September 14 – Edinburgh merchants were granted exclusive privilege of running a printing press.

1742 15 September – James Wilson American Patriot leader, born in Fifeshire

1595, September 15 – City Baillie was shot when Edinburgh High School pupils rioted when refused a holiday.

1773, September 15 – The “Hector” leaves Loch Broom, near Ullapool, to sail to Pictou, Nova Scotia, carrying emigrants escaping from the “Clearances”.

1931, September 15 – 12,000 Royal Navy sailors on 15 ships went on strike at Invergordon over cuts in their pay.

1859, September 16 – David Livingstone discovered Lake Nyasa.

1745, September 17 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart took up residence at the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.

1818, September 18 – Glasgow’s Theatre Royal, became the first theatre in Britain to be lit by gas.

1959, September 18 – 47 miners were killed at Auchengeich Colliery, Lanarkshire when the bogies carrying them to work ran into smoke 1,000 feet below ground.

1746, September 20 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart escaped capture by sailing to France aboard the ship “L’Heureux.”

1842, September 20 – Sir James Dewar, inventor of the vacuum flask, was born in Kincardine-on-Forth.

1967, September 20 – Liner “Queen Elizabeth II” was launched at John Brown’s shipyard at Clydebank.

1972 September 20 – Beatle, Paul McCartney,was arrested for possession of marijuana at his farm in the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland.

1842, SEPTMEBER 20, Birth of chemist and physicist Sir James Dewar at Kincardine on Forth in Fifeshire.

1513, September 21 – King James V was crowned at Stirling Castle.

1722, September 21 – John Home, Minister, historian, playwright and tutor to the Prince of Wales, born.

1745, September 21 – Charles Edward Stuart was victorious at the Battle of Prestonpans.

1756, September 21 – John McAdam was born on this day.

1832, September 21 – Novelist and poet Sir Walter Scott died at age 61 on this day.

1931, September 22- Birth of George Younger: politician, Secretary of State for Scotland, Minister for Defence, Viscount Younger of Leckie.

704, September 23 – St Adamnan, biographer of St Columba died on this day.

1678, September 23 – The Earl of Mar was commissioned to raise a regiment nicknamed “Earl of Mar’s Gray Breeks” This regiment later became the Royal Scots Fusiliers.

1779, September 23 – Scots-born John Paul Jones fought against the British navy in the Battle of Flamborough Head. His ship, the USS Bonhomme Richard sank but he boarded and captured HMS Serapis.

1880, SEPTEMBER 23, Birth of nutritionist and Nobel laureate John Boyd Orr at Kilmaurs near Kilmarnock, Ayrshire.

1332, September 24 – Edward Balliol, son of John Balliol, was crowned at Scone. He was deposed by supporters of David II in December 1332, restored in 1333, deposed again in 1334, restored in 1335 and finally deposed in 1341.

1860, September 26 – First Open Golf Championship held at Prestwick. Willie Park of Musselburgh won the chanpionship. There were eight participants.

1962, September 24 – Ally McCoist, Scotland international footballer and TV personality was born on this day.

1643, September 25, The English Parliament and Westminster Assembly ratify the Solemn League and Covenant, guaranteeing the integrity of the Presbyterian Kirk (Church) in Scotland.

1934, September 26 – Liner Queen Mary launched at John Brown’s shipyard, Clydebank. She went on to break the Atlantic record (the “Blue Riband”) four times.

1831, September 27 – Scotland’s first passenger railway opened (between Glasgow and Garnkirk).

1938, September 27 – Liner Queen Elizabeth, then the largest passenger ship ever built, launched at John Brown’s shipyard, Clydebank.

1906, September 30, Birth of educator and author John Innes Mackintosh Stewart at Edinburgh.

October

1263, October 2 The Battle of Largs fought on the Ayrshire coast between Scottish royal forces and remnants of a Viking invasion force led by King Hakon of Norway.

1852, October 2, The birth of Nobel winner, chemist, William Ramsay, at Queen’s Crescent in Glasgow. The only child of civil engineer William Ramsay and Catherine Robertson, he received a classic liberal education at Glasgow Academy.

1694, October 4, The birth of Jacobite General, Lord George Murray, at Huntingtown, Perthshire, a son of John Murray, First Duke of Atholl.

1744, October 6, The birth of Canadian merchant and politician, James McGill, at Glasgow.

1927, October 7, birth of controversial psychiatrist, Ronald David Laing, in Glasgow to parents he said routinely beat him.

1802, October 10, The birth of writer and geologist, Hugh Miller, in Cromarty on the Black Isle. The son of a sea captain who disappeared when he was a young child, his formal education was minimal though he was influenced by the antiquarian and natural history enthusiasms of two uncles. Apprenticed as a stone mason at age 17, he practiced this trade in Ross-shire while experiencing and condemning the harshness of the Highland clearances. In 1829, he started writing verses and articles for The Inverness Courier and folk traditions later published as Scenes and Legends of the North of Scotland (1835)

October 11 The Feast Day of Saint Kenneth, Missionary to the Picts and one of the foremost saints of Celtic Scotland. Born about 515 in County Derry, Ireland, and ordained 545 in Wales, he is believed to have visited Rome

1866, October 12, The birth of British Prime Minister James Ramsay MacDonald at Lossiemouth, Morayshire, son of Highland plowman John MacDonald and farm servant Anne Ramsay

1713, October 13, Portrait painter and essayist Allen Ramsay born in Edinburgh. He was the eldest son. His father was a well known poet. Allen studied painting in Edinburgh, London, and Italy.

1285, October 14 – King Alexander III married Yolanda de Dreux. It was his second marriage.

1318, October 14 – Edward Bruce, brother of Robert the Bruce, was killed in a battle near Dundalk, Ireland.

1633, October 14 – King James VII, second son of King Charles I and brother of King Charles II was born at St James’ Palace, London on this day.

1788 October 14 – First steamboat tested on Dalswinton Loch by Patrick Miller and William Symington.

1881, October 14 – Eyemouth Fishing Disaster – nearly 20 boats and 129 men (1 in 3 of the town’s male population) lost their lives in a storm.

1939, October 14 – 810 lives lost when a German submarine sank HMS “Royal Oak” in Scapa Flow, Orkney.

1969, October 14 – The 50 pence decimal coin was issued, replacing the ten shilling note.

1430, October 16 The birth of King James II, only surviving son of James I and the English Joan Beaufort, at Holyrood in Edinburgh

1774, October 16 – Poet Robert Fergusson died. 1921, October 16 – Poet George Mackay Brown was born on this day.

1939, October 16 – City of Glasgow Fighter Squadron shoots down the first enemy aircraft over Britain after an attack on the River Forth.

1346, October 17, The Battle of Neville’s Cross was fought near Bishop Auckland in the northern English County of Durham on this day in history. King David II was captured by the English.

1995, October 17 – Bridge to the Isle of Skye was opened.

1687, October 19 – First sedan chairs available for public hire introduced to Edinburgh.

1792, October 20,The birth of noted imperial general Colin Campbell at Glasgow. A son of a carpenter named Macliver, he took his mother’s maiden name of Campbell in 1807 when given a military commission as an ensign by the Duke of York.

1792, October 23, The election of Glasgows Roman Catholic Michael Martin, as Speaker of the British House of Commons

1792, October 27, The birth of pathologist Matthew Baillie at Shots Manse, Lanarkshire. A nephew of great anatomists William and John Hunter, He was educated at Oxford and became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal Society

1792, October 31, The birth of William Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, at Fyvie Manse, Aberdeenshire.

November

1828, November 1, The birth of Scottish born geophysicist, Balfour Stewart, in Edinburgh.

29

1698 November 3- The Darien Expedition landed at “Caledonia” in Panama. 1975, November 3 – Queen Elizabeth officiated at the opened of the underwater pipeline bringing the first North Sea oil ashore.

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1650, November 4 – King William III was born on this day 1771, November 4th, The birth of poet and journalist, James Montgomery, at Irvine, Ayrshire. The son of a Moravian minister, he became a shop assistant and then a journalist. He wrote numerous hymns, some of which are still being sung

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1688, November 5 – William of Orange landed in South-West England.

1877, November 5 – The original Mitchell Library in Glasgow, now the largest public reference library in Europe, opened on this day

1879, November 5 – Edinburgh-born physicist and mathematician James Clerk Maxwell died on this day.

1887, November 6 – The Celtic Football Club was formed in Calton, Glasgow,

1974, November 7 – Writer Eric Linklater died in Orkney on this day. 1975, 7 November – The Scottish Daily News ceased publication only six months after it had been launched.

1308, November 8 – Dr John Duns Scotus, Scholar and philosopher died on this day. In 1993 he was Beatified by Pope John Paul II. His dry subtleties led to the word “Duns” or “dunce” meaning dull and incapable of learning. Beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993.

1736, November 8 – Scotland’s first public theatre opened in Carrubber’s Close, Edinburgh.

1891, November 8 – Author Neil M Gunn Best known for “Highland River” (1937) and “Silver Darlings” (1951) was born in Caithness on this day.

2001, November – Henry McLeish resigned as Scotland’s First Minister.

1841, 9 November Edward VII, eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert was born on this day.

1847, November 9 – Wilhelmina Carstairs was delivered in Scotland by Dr. James Young Simpson while chloroform was administered to the mother. Wihelmina was the first child to be born with the aid of anaesthesia.

1937, November 9 – The first UK Labour Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald, died aboard “Reina del Pacifico” on this day.

1685, November 10th The birth of Lord Advocate, Duncan Forbes of Culloden, at Bunchrew, near Inverness.

1871, November 10 – Journalist Henry M Stanley wrote “Dr Livingstone, I presume?”

1685, November 10, The birth of explorer and naturalist, Sir John Richardson, at Dumfries. His father was provost of Richardson and a friend of Robert Burns

1918, November 11 – Armistice Day – World War I ends on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.

November 12 – St Machar Day. She is the patron saint of Aberdeen.

1094, November 12 – King Duncan II died at the Battle of Monthechin, in Kincardine.

1869, November 12 – Edinburgh University became the first in Britain to allow women to study medicine (though not graduate). But a woman, masquerading as Dr James Barry, actually took a medical degree at Edinburgh University in 1812 and became an army surgeon.

1093, November 13- King Malcolm III (Canmore), last of the Celtic kings was killed at the Battle of Alnwick on this day. He was succeeded by Donald III.

1715, November 13th The Battle of Sheriffmuir. It was the major battle of the 1715 Rebellion, fought between the Jacobites led by the Earl of Mar and government forces under the Duke of Argyll.

1747, November 14th. Geologist, Sir Charles Lyell, born at Kinnordy, Angus.

1770, November 14 – James Bruce identified Lake Tana in north-west Ethiopia as the source for the Blue Nile.

1850, November 13- Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson born in Edinburgh on this day.

1896 – The speed limit for horseless carriages was raised from 4mph (2mph in towns) to 14mph in Lake Tana in north-west Ethiopia.

1910, November 14- Poet Norman MacCaig was born Edinburgh.

1916, November 14 – Author Hector Munro died in action in France. For some of his work he used the pseudonym “Saki”.

1939, November 13 – The first bomb to be dropped on British soil in WW11, fell on the Shetland Islands.

1824, November 15 1824 – Edinburgh’s Great Fire began – and lasted until 17th November. It destroyed the High Street, Parliament Square and the Tron Kirk.

1873, November 15 – Statue of Greyfriar’s Bobby, who stayed by his master’s grave for 14 years was unveiled.

1915, November 15th Sir David Stirling was born on this day. He was the creator of British Special Air Service (SAS) special forces regiment, at Keir, Stirlingshire. He was the son of Brigadier Archibald Stirling

1891, November 16 – – Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show opened on this day in the East End Exhibition Buildings, in Glasgow.

1292, November 17 – John Balliol acceded to the Scottish throne.

1855 November 17 – David Livingstone reached Victoria Falls in Africa on this day in history.

1858 November 17 – Robert Owen, Welsh-Scottish industrialist and social reformer, founder of New Lanark community, died on this day.

1600, November 19th The birth of King Charles I, son of James VI and Anne of Denmark, at Dunfermline. The last king born in Scotland, he grew up in England after his father became King James I of that kingdom in 1603. Charles succeeded to both thrones in 1625, the same year he married French princess Henrietta Maria (for whom the American State of Maryland is named).

1960, November 19 – “National Service” which required all young men to train in the armed forces, was discontinued.

1673, November 21 – King James VII married Mary of Modena.

1835, November 21 – Poet James Hogg, the Ettrick shepherd, died in Ettrick.

1839, November 21, The birth of painter and engraver, William Keith, at Old Meldrum, Aberdeenshire. A son of William Keith and Elizabeth Bruce, he was descended on his father’s side from the Earls Marischals of Scotland

1218, November 21 – A Bull of Pope Honorius III affirmed the independence of the Catholic Church in Scotland.

1918, November 21 – A German battle fleet surrendered to the allies at Scapa Flow in Orkney.

2001, November 22 – Jack McConnell elected First Minister of Scotland, succeeding Henry McLeish who had resigned.

1942, November 22 – Actor Tom Conti was born on this day

2001, November 22 – Jack McConnell was elected First Minister of Scotland,. He succeeded Henry McLeish who had resigned.

1332, November 23 – Edward Balliol formally acknowledged King Edward III of England as his feudal superior.

1909, November 23 The birth of prolific writer, Nigel Tranter, in Glasgow. Educated at George Heriot’s School in Edinburgh, he trained to be an accountant but took up writing in 1936

1331, November 24 – David II (aged 7) was crowned at Scone.

1542, November 24 – Rout of Solway Moss -results in another military disaster for Scotland. King James V sent a force of 10,000 into England . They were defeated by an English force led by Sir Thomas Wharton.

1572, November 24th, Religious reformer and Reformation leader, John Knox, prolific writer and preacher of truly terrifying power, died at Edinburgh. Date of his birth is not known but it is thought to be about 1513 in East Lothian. He was ordained a Roman Catholic priest though he studied law and became a notary around 1540. A friend of reformer and martyr George Wishart, he was involved with those who assassinated Cardinal David Beaton in 1546 to avenge Wishart’s death. The next year he was among those captured by French troops of Regent Mary of Guise and served as a galley slave until 1549. As an ally of English reformers trying to counter French influence in Scotland, they secured his release and he spent 12 years of exile living in England, Germany, and Geneva where John Calvin influenced him. After his return to Scotland in 1569, he became a priest at St. Giles and allied with Protestants known as the Lords of the Congregation. That same year, English support enabled them to establish Protestantism in Scotland by abolishing Papal authority, forbidding the mass, and approving a Protestant Confession of Faith. Knox and five other ministers wrote the First Book of Discipline that regulated parish revenue, education, and provision for the poor. He clashed notably with Mary, Queen of Scots, criticizing her private practice of Catholicism as well as her romantic indiscretions. He approved the murder of her Italian favorite, David Riccio, though he is not known to have been involved in her forced abdication in 1567. He himself was criticized for his marriage in 1564 to the 17 year old daughter of Lord Ochiltree and spent his last years in infirmity due to a stroke. He was still able to preach in the vehement style of Wishart and gave his last sermon on 9 November at St. Giles, just 15 days before his death. His death left a void in the leadership of the Scottish Reformation that was later filled by Andrew Melville.

1942, November 24 – Comedian and actor Billy Connolly was born on this day.

1034, November 25 The death of King Malcolm II, of the House of Atholl, and succession of his grandson, Duncan I. Born about 954, Malcolm was a son of Kenneth II, who had died about 995, though Malcolm only succeeded in 1005 after killing his cousin, Kenneth III.

1681, November 25 – General Tam Dalyell raises a regiment to suppress Covenanters which later became the Royal Scots Greys. 1835, November 25 – Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie born in Dunfermline.

1836, November 26 – John McAdam, inventor of “tar macadam” died.

1853, November 25 – Biographer and critic, John Gibson died. He was Sir Walter Scott’s son-in-law and wrote a 7 volume biography of Scott. He is buried Dryburgh Abbey, at the feet of Sir Walter Scott.

1703, November 27 – The greatest storm on record hit Britain with the loss of 8,000 people in 24 hours.

1763, November 27 The birth of geologist, William Maclure, in Ayrshire. Considered the ‘Father of American Geology,’

1666, November 28 – the King’s army led by Sir Tam Dalyell defeated the Covenanters in the Battle of Rullion Green in Galloway.

1489, November 29 – Margaret, Queen of Scotland, was born on this day in history.

1581, November 29 – King Charles II.granted a charter to The Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh

November 30 The Feast Day of Saint Andrew, patron saint of Scotland as well as Greece, Russia, and Romania. Andrew, a Hebrew fisherman like his brother Simon Peter, was the first disciple of Jesus and is also the patron saint of fishermen.

December

1542, December 14 – James V died at Falkland Palace. Mary Queen of Scots succeeded him.

1896, December 14 – Glasgow’s electrically powered Underground opened

1947, December 14 – Comedian Will Fyfe died on this day.

1967, December 14 – The University of Stirling was instituted by Royal charter.

1653, December 16 – Oliver Cromwell become Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1838 December 16 – Thomas Blake Glover was born in Fraserburgh on this day in 1838. He was the founding father of Japan’s industrialization and of the Japanese Navy

1502, December 17 A Marriage contract was signed between James IV and Margaret Tudor

1907, December 17 – Lord Kelvin, scientist and inventor, died.

1956, December 17 – Petrol rationing was imposed following the Suez crisis and the closure of the canal.

1661 – December 18 Scottish historical records that had been taken to London by Oliver Cromwell and were being returned to Edinburgh were lost when the ship Elizabeth of Burntisland sank off the English coast.

1780, December 18 – The Society of Antiquaries was founded.

1870 December 18 – Writer Hector Munro was born on this day. He wrote short stories under the pseudonym “Saki”.

1969, December 18 – The Death penalty for murder was formally abolished in Britain.

1560, December 20 – First General Assembly of the Church of Scotland was held on this day in history

1846, December 21 – Born in 1794 in Linlithgow Robert Liston, performed the first operation in a British hospital using anaesthetic (ether) on this day.

1988, December 21- Pan Am 747 blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 243 passengers, 16 crew and 11 Lockerbie residents.

1715, December 22 – The Old Pretender James Stuart, arrived and stayed at Peterhead for a few weeks.

1930, December 22 – Author Neil Munro died in Helensburgh.

2000, December 22 – Madonna married movie-producer Guy Ritchie at Skibo Castle.

1812, December 23 – Writer/Author Samuel Smiles was born on this day.

1165, December 24 – King William I – The Lion Hearted was crowned at Scone.

1650, December 24 – Edinburgh castle surrendered to Oliver Cromwell.

1724, December 24 – General George Wade was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British army in Scotland.

1856, December 24 – Geologist /Writer Hugh Miller died on this day.

1950, December 25 1950 – The Stone of Destiny was removed from Westminster Abbey.

1647, December 27 – King Charles I, who was imprisoned at Carisbrooke Castle, came to an agreement with the Scots. They offered military assistance in exchange for a promise to establish Presbyterianism in England (but only for three years).

1904 December 27 – J M Barrie’s play “Peter Pan” opened at the Duke of York Theatre, in London on this day.

Sources

Scottish books Collins Encyclopedia Of Scotland (1994)
A History Of Scotland (1964, 1991) by J. D. Mackie
Famous Scottish Battles (1975, 1996) by Philip Warner
Highland Paths Vol. 1 & 11, by Kenneth McKenna
Scots, Peoples of the Maritimes by Emmerson Robert the Bruce King of Scots by Ronald McNair Scott
John Prebble: The Highland Clearances The Lion In The North (1971, 1973)
The emperor’s new kilt by jan-Andrew Henderso