Highland Clans, MAITLAND – WILSON

July 11, 2009

MAITLAND

Originally a Norman family. The Maitlands settled in Northumberland before moving to Scotland
in the 13th century

TRIBE OF MAR

Marr, Mair, Mairs, Morren, Strachan, Tough

CLAN MATHIESON

MacMath, MacPhun, Mathie.

CLAN MAXWELL

Adair, Blackstock, Dinwiddie, Dinwoddie, Edgar, Herries, Kirk, Kirkland, Latimer, Latimore, Mackittrick, Maxton, Mescall, Monreith, Moss, Nithdale, Paulk, Peacock, Pollock, Pollok, Polk, Sturgeon, Wardlaw

CLAN MENZIES

Dewar, Macindeor, MacMenzies, MacMinn, MacMonies, Means, Mein, Meine, Mennie, Meyners, Minn, Minnus, Monzie.

MIDDLETON

A territorial name derived from the “Middleton” of Conveth, in Kincardineshire. It was so called to distinguish it from the tourns or farmsteads on wither side of it.

MOFFATT

An ancient Border clan, said to be of Norse origin. It is linked with the town of Moffat in Dumfrieesshire

MORRISON

There are several unconnected branches of this clan. The most prominent branch held the hereditary power of judge on the island of Lewis.
Brieve, Gilmore, MacBrieve

CLAN MURRAY

MacMurray, Moray, Rattray, Small, Spalding

CLAN MUNRO

Dingwall, Foulis, MacCulloch, MacLulich, Vass, Wass.

NAPIER

‘Peerless or without equal”
An ancient Celtic family, descended from the Earls of Lennox.

NESBITT

A Border clan. It takes its name from the Barony of Nesbit, in Berwiskshire.

CLAN OGILVIE

An English expression “High plain” (Ocel-fa) The name was taken from one of their estates.
The clan claim descent from Mormaers of Angus Their ancestor was Gilllwbride, Earl of Angus
The family became hereditary sheriffs of Angus.
Airlie, Gilchrist, MacGilchrist, Milne

CLAN PENTLAND

Paintland, Petland, Penland, Penlend, Petlend, Pendland.

RAEBURN

A territorial name from the lands of Ryburn in Ayrshire parish of Dunlop.
The first recorded mention of the name ws in 1331. It became more popular in the next century when
Andrew de Raburn was listed as a burgess in 1430.
Thomas Raburn cited a s vicar in 1468
Elizabeth Raburn was sued in a Lanarkshire court.
The best known membeer of the clan was painter Sir Henry Raeburn 1756-1823

RAMSAY

The name is of Norman origin.

RANKIN

The name is a pet form of the name Reginald or Randolph and as such it is popular in many parts of Scotland

CLAN ROBERTSON

It is said that the Robertsons are the oldest of the Scottish clans.
Descended from:
the Celtic Mormaers of Atholl
the Royal Housse of Dunkeld
and from one of Robert the Bruce’s lieutenants, Donnachadh Reamhar (Fat Duncan)
Collier, Colyear, Dobinson, Donachie, Duncan, Duncanson, Dunnachie, Inches, MacConachie, MacConnechy, MacDonachie, Macinroy, MacIver, MacIvor, Maclagen, MacRobbie, MacRobie, MacRobert, Reid, Roy, Stark, Tonnochy

ROLLO

The Norman family draws its name from the Viking chieftain who founded the Duchy of Narmandy.

CLAN ROSS

“Headland”
The clan takes it’s name from the northern province of Ross. It in turn comes from the Gaelic word for headland.
Fearchar, (Mac an t’sagairt) was the first chief of the Ross Clan
His family were the hereditary abbots of Applecross.
Branches
Shandwick, Pitcalnie, and Balnagowan

Anderson, Andrew, Dingwall, Gillanders, MacAndrew, MacCulloch, MacLulich, MacTaggart, MacTear, MacTier, MacTire, Taggart, Vass, Wass

RUTHVEN

Pronounced – Rooth-ven
The clan was descended from Norse settlers.
A territorial name derived from the estate in Perthshire.

SCOTT

The name became popular in the Border areas where it was used to denote a Scotsman.
The earliest record dates back to the 12th century when Uchtredus filius Scoti witnessed the foundation charter of Selkirk in 1120.
His two sons are considered the ancestors of the two main branches of the clan.
The Scotts of Buccleauch and the Scotts of Balwerary.
By far the most well know clansman is Sir Walter Scott who decended from a secondary branch of the family.

SCOTT

The name became popular in the Border areas where it was used to denote a Scotsman.
The earliest record dates back to the 12th century when Uchtredus filius Scoti witnessed the foundation charter of Selkirk in 1120. His two sons are considered the ancestors of the two main branches of the clan.
The Scotts of Buccleauch and the Scotts of Balwerary.
By far the most well know clansman is Sir Walter Scott who decended from a secondary branch of the family.

SEMPILL

This family held the hereditary post of Sheriff of Renfrew, before acquiring lands in Ayrshire from Robert the Bruce.

SETON

“Sea town”
Sir Christopher de Seton saved the life of Robert the Bruce and married his sister.

SHAW

They share the same ancestory as the MacKintoshes. they belong to Clan Chattan.

CLAN SKENE

‘Skian dubh” (a dagger)
This clan takes its name from the skian dubh with which their ancestor rescued a king from a wolf.
Cariston, Dis, Dyce, Hallyard, Norie

CLAN STEWART

The name is taken from the hereditary post of office of High Stewart which they gained in the 12th century.
Walter Fitz Alan was the first to hold the office. His family were Normans. they held a similar post in Brittany.
This clan occupied a very important place in Scottish history. even before rising to power and occupying the throne they were in the center of power.
They held the throne for more than 300 years.
Mary Queen of Scots and Bonnie Prince Charles are a part of the tragic end of the spectrum.
1315 Walter, the oth High Stewart married Marjorie, the daughter of Robert the Bruce.
Their son became Robert 11. He ruled from 1371 to 1390
The family held the crown until JamesV11’s execution of Charles 1 in 1649.
Both James V111, the Old Pretender, and Charles 111, Bonnie Prince Charles had claims to the throan that were never realized. They died as ‘Kings over the water’.

Other branches of the family
Stewarts of Atholl
Sir John Stewart
Stewarts of Appin

The spelling ‘Stuart’ became popular in the 16th century when Mary, Queen of Scots, was on the French throne for a brief time. It was easier for the French allies to pronounce.

Boyd, Garrow, Menteith, Monteith, Carmichael, Hunter, MacMichael. Stewart, Appin: Carmichael, Combich, Livingston, Livingstone, MacCombich, Mackinlay, Maclae, Maclay, Maclea, Macleay, MacMichael. Stewart, Atholl: Crookshanks, Cruickshank, Duilach, Gray, Macglashan Stewart Lennox: Howkins

STIRLING

This name is taken from the townof Stirling, which is associated with William Wallace.

CLAN SUTHERLAND

‘Sudrland’ – ‘South Land’
Sudrland, located in the north of Scotland was one of the southernmost areas pocessed by the Norsemen. Ancestor of the clan was a Flemish soldier called Feskin. He was employed by the Norsman and had close links with the Murray clan. His great grandson, William wwas made Earl of Sutherland in 1235.

Cheyne, Federith, Gray, Keith, Mowat, Oliphant, Duffu

TAYLOR

An occupational name ‘Tailor’. The name was widly spread throughout Scotland

URQUHART

It is thought the name means ‘a roowan wood’ The name comes from a place called Airchart.
Wiliam de Urquhart was the first clansman to hold the position of sheriff in Cromarty. The best known or most popular family member was authoor and soldier Sir Thomas Urquhart 1611-1660

CLAN WATSON

Belboys, Boas, Boece, Boeis, Boes, Boess, Boice, Boiss, Boiste, Boos, Boost, Bos, Bouse, Boust, Bowayse, Bowes, Bowis, Bows, Bowys, Boyce, Boyes, Boyess, Boyis, Boys, Boyse, Boze, Buist, Buste, DeBosco, MacQuat, MacQuattie, MacQuhat, MacQwat, MacRowatt, MacWalter, MacWater, MacWatson, MacWatt, MacWatters

WILSON “Son of Williamm”

The family is closly linked with the Innes and Gunn clans.

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