September 2, 2009

Halifax, Nova Scotia was founded in 1749. At the time land grants were given out to discharge military men based on their rank. A discharged soldier or seaman received:
Private – 50 acres
Noncommissioned officer – 80 acres
Ensign – 200 acres
Lieutenant – 300 acres
Captain – 400 acres
Anyone above Captain was given – 600 acres

A smaller grant was given to; Those in building or husbandry as well as Shipwrights, Smiths, Masons, Carpenters, Brick makers, Bricklayers, & Joiners.
A description of Canada by:

a. John Mitchell, b John Robinson & Thomas Rispin, c James Fergusson notes made during a tour of Canada
a) John Mitchell
In Canada and Nova Scotia the snow lies six feet deep for six months in the year as they have hard frosts and snows for a month or six weeks before this severe season, which they call winter, their winters are eight to nine months long; they have little or no spring or autumn season; the spring does not begin before the month of June; and even in that month our people who resided at Oswego, in the most southern part of all Canada (Oswego, N.Y. on lake Ontario, was a British garrison.)Observed hard frosts which destroyed everything at that time of year; and the like frosts in the month of June are sometimes felt on the warmer sea coasts of new England to the southward of that. These frosts continue all over Canada during the whole summer. …
When they have not these frosts, they are subject to more pernicious cold winter fogs, which destroy the fruits of the earth in the middle of summer, particularly about the great lakes and in Nova Scotia…
b) John Robinson & Thomas Rispin
the mosquitoes, small flies, resembling gnats, are exceedingly troublesome here. Their bite is venomous, and occasions blisters to rise, something like the small pox
c) James Fergusson notes made during a tour of Canada

the line (to Truro) ran all the way through fir forests, only here and there cleared by the rude plan of setting it on fire, which leaves for miles blackened stumps, and a wreck of great stumps; by degrees patches round the wooden huts are cleared and brought into cultivation
National United States holiday – in honor of Scots

A resolution called on U.S. president George W. Bush to declare a national holiday on April 6th in honor of Scotland. The U. S. House of Representatives unanimously approved the resolution acknowledging the contributions made by American Scots. They also acknowledged similarities between the US Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of Arbroath. The similarities are not surprising, given the number of Scots involved in drafting the US document.
In 1992, April 6 was named Tartan Day by the US Senate “in recognition of the monumental achievements and invaluable contributions made by Scottish Americans.”


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