The Rankin Family Name

June 29, 2018

Spelling Variations: Rankin, Rankyne, Ranequin, Rankene, Raincin (Irish), Ranequin, Rankeine, Ranken, Rankene, Rankeso. MacCraing, MacRaing, MacRankein, MacRankin, MacRankine, MacRanking, MacRankyne, McRinkin, McRinkine, Raincin, Ramkein, Ranequin, Rankeine, Ranken, Rankene, Rankesoun, Rankin, Rankine, Ranking, Rankinge, Rankins, Rankinson, Rankyn, Rankyne, Rankynson, Renkine, Renkyn, Rinking, Rankan, Rheingan

Catholic Local Registrar, Cape Breton; Rankin – Rankine, Randolph, Raincin.

The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert Reynkyn, which was dated 1273, in the “Hundred Rolls of Kent”, during the reign of King Edward 1, known as “The Hammer of the Scots”, 1272 – 1307. (from the web)

Early examples of the surname include: Reginald Ranekyn (1296, Sussex); Ralph Rankin (1301, Yorkshire); John Randekyn (1381, Suffolk)

(from Genes Reunited website) What does this surname mean?
This long-established surname is of early medieval English and Scottish origin, and was developed from the medieval male given name “Rankin”, a diminutive form of the given name “Rand(e)”, with the hypocoristic suffix “-kin”. Rand itself is a short form of any of the various (originally) Germanic compound personal names with the first element “rand” (shield) rim, such as Randolf, with the second element “wolf”, wolf.

The diminutive form of the name is first recorded in Scotland, where Rankin de Fowlartoun is mentioned in Charters of the Royal Borough of Ayr in 1429. Early examples of the surname include: Reginald Ranekyn (1296, Sussex); Ralph Rankin (1301, Yorkshire); John Randekyn (1381, Suffolk); and in Scotland, John Rankyne, burgess of Glasgow in 1456. The surname has a long history in Scotland; it was found early in Ayrshire, where persons of the name were “small proprietors” before the end of the 16th Century. One John Rankin was vicar of Girwane in 1504, and another John Rankin was vicar of Girwane in 1504, and another John Rankin was a tenant under the bishop of Aberdeen in 1511. The christening of Jon(athan), son of Paul Rankin, was recorded at the Church of St. Nicholas, Aberdeen, on May 12th 1657.

Excerpts from The Rankin and Wharton Families and their Genealogy
One of the most thorough early studies of the origins of the Rankin family was conducted by the Rev. Samuel M. Rankin of Greensboro, North Carolina. His book, The Rankin and Wharton Families and their Genealogy, appeared in 1931 and remains to this day required reading for an understanding of one version of the Rankin name and history.

According to Rev. Rankin, “The name originated in Flanders during the twelfth century; and it was in this way: There were several small independent nations in the northern part of Europe at this time, and they were almost constantly at war among themselves.

Comments

Want to contribute? Leave a comment!