Treaty of Union

August 30, 2009

1705, Scotland’s Parliament authorized but did not choose members of a team of treaty commissioners. They were hand picked by the Crown for their willingness to endorse an “incorporating union”.
This “incorporating union” one Queen Anne wanted, was a merger fully drawing Scotland into the Kingdom of England. The document containing 28 clauses only took eighteen days of consideration before being passed to the Scottish Parliament for ratification.
For those Scots who expected the union would be a federation of the two Kingdoms allowing two free and independent kingdoms to unite for the mutual benefit of both yet allowing the Scottish Privi Council to maintain all its power it was disastrous.
1706, Spring.
A treaty was signed in London by the two teams of commissioners, one for Scotland and one for England.
On the months and days building up to October 3rd, the atmosphere in Edinburgh was tense. The topic of conversation reflected the people’s feeling and worry about the act of Union. The fear of “slavery to the English and taking away the Nation,” and talk about how they felt they were running away with the Crown filled the streets of Edinburgh..
1707, October 3 – Scotland
Scotland’s Parliament assembled on October 3rd, 1707 to vote on a treaty of union between Scotland and England.
The treaty created a new entity, Great Britain. Great Britain would be governed by a single monarch and a single British Parliament in London and the government would be more English than Scottish with the Scot holding 45 seats and the English 513 seats.

England would have direct control over customs and excise duties, taxes, foreign affairs and the military
This naturally meant that the Scottish Privy Council would lose all its power.
Scotland would retain independence of her towns, legal system and courts.
Leader of the pro union,James Douglas, was given the mandate to secure ratification of the treaty. He was given a secret slush fund and with that the ability to buy votes. This was to cause much discussion and investigation in years to come.
Leader of the Opposition to the treaty was the fifty Duke of Hamilton.
A strong spokesperson against the treaty was Andrew Fletcher


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